Electric Vehicle (EV) Infrastructure Manufacturing

Jan 1, 2010
131 Pages - Pub ID: SB2441322
Abstract Table of Contents Search Inside Report Related Reports

The global electric vehicle (EV) infrastructure manufacturing industry is associated with a highly complex and interconnected transportation economy that supports the use of plug-in electric and hybrid electric vehicles for personal and industrial use. The infrastructure required for a sustainable EV transportation requires various EV components, such as electric vehicle drive trains and rechargeable electric batteries. The infrastructure also includes the access to electricity required to fuel the EVs via an interconnected electric smart grid, centrally located and shared charging stations, personal charge points, centrally located electric battery swapping stations. Finally, the EV infrastructure is made of the tools, technology, and skilled personnel needed to maintain the vehicles, monitor smart grid electricity demand, and construct the necessary EV infrastructure components. This report examines the global activities and market value of the EV infrastructure manufacturing industry - an industry at a crossroads in its nascent life. Vehicle companies spent much of 2009 avidly promoting their pure plug-in EVs and plug-in hybrid (PHEV) products at trade shows. But the growth potential of EV adoption is stagnated by the lack of an underlying transportation support system of EV charging stations, switching stations for rechargeable batteries, and an advanced electricity smart grid to monitor the ebb and flow of power for vehicle consumption. Although the global economic situation appears to be rebounding, manufacturers have indicated that EV infrastructure production will begin in earnest in 2010. Fueling that growth will be government grants created to stimulate economic recovery, particularly in the U.S. SBI Energy expects EV infrastructure production efforts to accelerate by mid-2010, particularly around the manufacturing of the rechargeable batteries, drive trains, and charging stations required to operate the vehicles. Growth also depends heavily on the investment interests of the private sector and the adoption of PHEVs and EVs by consumers.

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary

2. Introduction and Overview
a. Key topics covered in the report and experts interviewed
b. Definitions of terminology used in the report

3. Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Activities
a. Consumption of alternative vehicle fuels by type
b. Development of electric vehicle infrastructure (i.e., manufacturing facilities, fueling stations)
c. Adoption rates of electric vehicles affecting the infrastructure
d. Electric vehicle manufacturing activities
e. Battery production activities

4. Global Trends in Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Manufacturing
a. Market value electric vehicle infrastructure manufacturing by nation
b. Import and export value of electric vehicle infrastructure manufacturing
c. Projected market value of EV infrastructure manufacturing by nation through 2014

5. Profiles of Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Manufacturers
a. Johnson Controls, Exide, Coulomb, Ecotality, Better Place

6. Innovations and Public Policies Affecting Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Manufacturing

Additional Information

Market Insights: A Selection From The Report

Growth Trends of EV Ownership
The U.S. remains the largest vehicle market in the world. Of the 204 million personal vehicles, the average U.S. household owns 1.9 vehicles, which is slightly more than the average number of drivers per household. Most personal vehicles rely on the ICE, and burn gasoline fuel at an average rate of one gallon every 20 miles. Compare that to HEV fuel consumption and it’s a completely different picture. SBI Energy estimates that HEVs consume an estimated 6.3 million gallons (in gasoline equivalents) compared to 198 million gallons of compressed natural gas and 138 million gallons of liquefied petroleum gasoline. By 2014, SBI Energy expects electric fuel consumption in the U.S. to grow to nearly 9 million gallons, but still represent less than 1% share of the total fuel consumption pie.

Part of that stagnant growth is that despite the advancements in battery technologies, vehicle manufacturing and consumer ownership of PHEVs and HEVs has fizzled in recent years. The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) estimated there would be 55,852 PHEVs in 2004, with an annual growth rate of 39.1 %. By 2007, its Annual Energy Review (AER) estimated the actual number of PHEVs on the road in 2004 as 49,536. The slower industry growth rate, SBI Energy believes, is mostly due to a lack of manufacturer incentives to mass produce PHEVs in a cost effective process. As a result it will take some time before manufacturing of PHEVs and HEVs gains significant momentum. Through 2014, we forecast the number of EVs on U.S. roads will grow at a five-year CAGR rate of 3.4% and reach in excess of 65,000 vehicles.

Adoption of Lithium-Ion for Hybrid and Electric Vehicles
Mercedes-Benz is one of the first manufacturers to bring a lithium-ion hybrid vehicle to production with the Blue Hybrid, although Toyota has been selling a mild hybrid model called the Vitz with a lithium-ion battery option since 2003. Toyota only sells a few hundred cars with this option a year. But even with four years of experience with lithium-ion, Toyota still leverages Ni-MH battery technology in its 2009 Prius. (Note that the Tesla Roadster, which sold its 100th vehicle in late 2008, is not the first lithium-ion hybrid; it is an all electric vehicle using lithium-ion batteries. It is also not a large volume production car.) As of mid-2009 there are almost no exceptions; battery and vehicle manufacturers alike are adamant that future hybrids and upcoming PHEVs will use lithium-ion battery chemistries. Manufacturers are embracing lithium-ion’s higher energy density over Ni-MH. GM, once the bellwether American automaker, is set to introduce its Volt lithium-ion powered PHEV in late 2010.

In the News


Electric Vehicle Market Finds Growth in New Markets, EV Infrastructure Manufacturing Challenged to Step Up

New York, March 15, 2010 - For years advertising from government and car companies alike have boldly stated that it was only a matter of time before electric vehicles took over the car industry. Now, electric vehicles, in the form of hybrids that combine gas and electric motors, are finally beginning to do just that.

According to SBI Energy’s latest market study, Electric Vehicle (EV) and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Markets Worldwide, the U.S. and Japan currently make up the largest segments of the hybrid electric vehicle marketplace, with 42% and 48% market share, respectively.

“SBI Energy forecasts the market to double, for a total of 1.5 million passenger hybrid vehicles sold in 2014,” says Shelley Carr, SBI Energy publisher. “The majority of growth will stem from smaller HEV markets such as Europe, Australia and South Korea, as well as new markets such as India and China. These countries, SBI Energy forecasts, will see a phenomenal 47% growth rate over the next four years.”

In the global perspective, future growth of the electric vehicle market will depend on three key motivators: Pain at the pump; Government Support; and Price differential.

  • Astronomical oil prices experienced in 2007, lead to the sale of 353,000 hybrid vehicles that year. This proves that consumers purchase the most efficient vehicle possible when gasoline prices rise.
  • Government incentives will continue to be the primary motivator behind consumer sales of hybrid electric vehicles. In the U.K., the British government has created a subsidy program worth 230 million pounds for electric car purchases. Furthermore, they have approved 30 million pounds to implement charging stations. Manufacturers in the U.S. will also benefit from federally funded grants, such as $5 billion available to produce energy efficient batteries and $500 million more to create the components needed for EVs.
  • Just as important as government incentives and oil prices is a reduction in the price between hybrids and non-hybrids. The price for hybrid vehicles is currently $3,000 to $7,000 more than the price of a similar gasoline-only vehicle. A premium some consumers are not willing to pay.

Success of the EV market is also incumbent upon the EV infrastructure manufacturing industry. Infrastructure components include the smart grid, advanced battery research and vehicle charging stations that enable drivers to refuel their vehicles conveniently and effectively. According to SBI Energy’s market research study, Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Manufacturing, the global market value of smart grid manufacturing related to plug-in and electric vehicle deployment is $29 billion. This equates to nearly 42% of the total smart grid market value.

Energy provide an integrated, precise view of electric vehicle markets today and into the future.
Electric Vehicle (EV) and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Markets Worldwide analyzes the manufacturing and sales of electric based passenger vehicles throughout the world with a particular emphasis on the United States and Japan as the leading markets for electric vehicles. The report also takes a look at technology and innovations related to the HEV, PHEV and BEV markets.
Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Manufacturing examines the market value of EV infrastructure manufacturing by country, projected deployment of EVs by type, global activities effecting development of EV and profiles of key EV infrastructure manufacturers.

In addition, data published in the following related market studies forecast profitability and new opportunities using ‘green’ technologies:

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  • Roofing Materials in the U.S., 2nd Edition
  • Shovel-Ready Infrastructure Markets Bundle
  • Asphalt Manufacturing in the U.S.
  • Emerging Trends and Opportunities in the World Pesticides Market
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  • Kitchen Cabinets in the U.S.
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About SBI Energy
SBI Energy, a division of MarketResearch.com, publishes research reports in the industrial, energy, building/construction, and automotive/transportation markets. SBI Energy also offers a full range of custom research services.

Electric Vehicle Market to Stagnate without Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Growth

New York, June 22, 2010 - The growth of adoption may be stagnated by the lack of an underlying transportation support system of electric vehicle charging stations, switching stations for rechargeable batteries, and an advanced electricity smart grid to monitor the ebb and flow of power for vehicle consumption.

As global economies slowly recover, manufacturers have indicated that electric vehicle infrastructure production will begin in earnest in 2010.  Government grants created to stimulate economic recovery, particularly in the U.S., will fuel growth in the sector.  Electric vehicle infrastructure production efforts include manufacturing of the rechargeable batteries, drive trains and charging stations required to operate the vehicles.  Electric vehicle production itself is on track for global sales exceeding 1 million hybrids a year by 2013.

Europe, the current leader in electric vehicle infrastructure manufacturing production, is expected to maintain its stronghold through 2014.  However, its global share will slip as North America and Asia gain ground.  According to the industry study Electric Vehicle (EV) Infrastructure Manufacturingconducted by leading market research publisher SBI Energy, the North American market will grow from $9 billion in 2009 to $20 billion in 2014.

“Our study projects North America will hold 20% of the electric vehicle infrastructure manufacturing market by 2014, driven by government incentive programs and the movement toward eco-friendly consumer lifestyles,” says Shelley Carr, publisher for SBI Energy.  “While government capital is vital, growth also depends heavily on the investment interests of the private sector and the adoption of electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles by consumers.”

Electric vehicle sales depend upon the support of charging stations, batteries, and smart grid tie-in.  Consumers will be won over by reliability, safety, and system convenience.  The onus is on the cooperation of utilities to modify their established grids to adapt to the electricity demands of electric vehicles and their users.

Electric Vehicle (EV) Infrastructure Manufacturing examines the global electric vehicle market with forecasts through 2014 and provides detailed information on the smart grid market, rechargeable batteries, electric vehicle ownership and stimulus funds for infrastructure development. Company profiles feature manufacturers competing in the industry, trends and activities worldwide.

About SBI Energy
SBI Energy (Specialists in Business Information), a division of MarketResearch.com, publishes research reports in the industrial, energy, building/construction, and automotive/transportation markets.  SBI Energy also offers a full range of custom research services.

In the News

Portugal Matures into Formidable International Trendsetter with Sweeping Clean Energy Initiatives

New York, September 1, 2010 - As countries around the world scramble to create, deploy, and sustain clean energy adoption initiatives, few have done so with the gusto of Portugal.  The country is quickly emerging as a “green” trendsetter due to its determination to reduce its dependence on imported fossil fuels by channeling its wind, solar, and hydropower resources and by improving smart grid capabilities and exploring the use of electric vehicles—even though such clean energy transitions have come at substantial financial costs.

“Germany is well-regarded as a green energy leader with its hefty share of the total installed wind energy capacity in Europe. But it’s Portugal that has us excited, and we anticipate enormous growth in the country’s generation of wind power due in large part to government stimulus incentives,” says Shelley Carr, publisher of SBI Energy, which released the market study Offshore Wind Farm Manufacturing Worldwide in April 2010.  “Though Portugal’s efforts come at a price, one must remember that this is a region with prodigious wind and water power resources, both of which are widely regarded as the most cost-effective to harness.”

In terms of world numbers for smart meter installations, some industry estimates see a fivefold rise—from roughly $50 million in 2010 to $250 million by 2015.  Much of this huge and rapid increase in smart meter installs will take place in Europe, according to SBI Energy’s Smart Grid and Consumers Other sources reveal that five years ago only 17% of Portugal’s smart grid power originated from clean energy resources, but that number could rise to almost half of the nation’s smart grid power by the end of 2010.

Meanwhile, Portugal is making progress on the electric vehicle front.  “There is tremendous optimism that Portugal could become the first nation with a national network of charging stations for electric cars,” says Carr.  SBI Energy’s Electric Vehicle (EV) Infrastructure Manufacturing reveals that the European-Union sponsored Sagittaire is running demonstrations of hybrid buses in eleven cities across France, Spain, Portugal, Norway, and Italy. In each city, the hybrid-electric bus fleet will be tested under different operational and practical conditions. In addition, Portugal is involved in the Renault-Nissan Alliance’s zero-emissions vehicle initiatives that are sweeping Asia and the United Kingdom, France, Switzerland, Ireland, Israel, Denmark, and Monaco.

And with automakers in Europe planning new business models for electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids before 2011 that could completely overhaul its electric vehicle transportation infrastructure by eliminating the need for gas stations and relinquish fueling responsibilities to utility companies, Portugal has steadfastly proven itself a willing participant and test projects are in development for the country.

About SBI Energy
SBI Energy, a division of MarketResearch.com, publishes research reports in the industrial, energy, building/construction, and automotive/transportation markets.  SBI Energy also offers a full range of custom research services.  p>

Additional Materials

Electric Vehicle Market: Challenges and Opportunities: Audio

For years you knew the electric car revolution was coming. Now that they are here, where do the opportunities lie? And what internal and external challenges will the market face?

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