CAES Compressed Air Energy Storage Worldwide

Apr 1, 2010
214 Pages - Pub ID: SB2517890
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The global market for compressed air energy storage (CAES) sits at a turning point. Since its introduction as a utility scale electricity storage technology in the 1970s, low energy prices and a proliferation of cheap natural gas fired peaking power plants slackened demand for energy storage, and CAES never got off the ground. Over the following decades, only two plants were built, one in the US, and one in Germany. And although these facilities provided effective energy storage capacity at reasonable cost, the need for utility scale energy storage was insufficient to kick start the CAES market.

Recent trends, however, threaten to invigorate the CAES market. Global concerns about climate change, environmental pollution, and energy security have generated a strong, bullish market for renewable energy production. Wind and solar markets, in particular, have seen tremendous gains over the last five years. But wind and solar resources are highly variable in nature. Solar technologies can only provide generation capacity when the sun is shining, and wind turbines can only produce electricity when there is sufficient wind available. Often, sun and wind availability does not align with consumer electricity demand. Therefore, in order to effectively meet demand for renewable electricity, as is now mandated by many government institutions around the globe, renewable energy storage is needed. Also, current grid management issues, including congestion along regional power grids, aging (and very costly) transmission infrastructure, and power supply trends are drawing together to make favorable conditions for CAES as solution for peak power supply and grid management.

CAES components also have the advantage of being, for the most part, readily available and mature. Gas turbines, air compressors, recuperators, injection and extraction wells, and other CAES components represent mature technologies that already operate under streamlined economies of scale. Other, more experimental storage technologies, such as fuel cells, flywheels, or massive batteries, are not close to reaching cost parity with CAES installations. In sum, these trends act as drivers in support of a developing and persistent CAES market. Viable CAES markets will re-emerge in the near term, gaining stability as the technology gains traction, and additional projects come on line, through 2014.

CAES Compressed Air Energy Storage Worldwide contains comprehensive data on the global market for CAES technologies, including historic (2004-2009) and forecast (2010-2014) market size data, broken down in terms of CAES components - including the CAES compression subsystem, storage subsystem, and the expansion/generation subsystem. The report identifies key trends affecting the marketplace, along with trends driving growth, and also profiles major technology providers, and end user characteristics.

Read an excerpt from this report below.

Report Methodology

The information in CAES Compressed Air Energy Storage Worldwide is based on data from the U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, European Commission, Princeton University, American Wind Energy Association, U.S. national laboratories, the California Energy Commission, U.S. and global energy research institutions, utilities, CAES manufacturers, CAES engineers, along with information from trade associations, business journals, company literature and websites, Securities and Exchange Commission reportings, and research services such as Simmons Market Research Bureau.

What You’ll Get in This Report

CAES Compressed Air Energy Storage Worldwide makes important predictions and recommendations regarding the future of this market, and pinpoints ways current and prospective players can capitalize on current trends and spearhead new ones. No other market research report provides both the comprehensive analysis and extensive data that CAES Compressed Air Energy Storage Worldwide offers. Plus, you’ll benefit from extensive data, presented in easy-to-read and practical charts, tables and graphs.

How You’ll Benefit from This Report

If your company is already doing business in the CAES technologies and services market, or is considering making the leap, you will find this report invaluable, as it provides a comprehensive package of information and insight not offered in any other single source. You will gain a thorough understanding of the current market for CAES technologies, as well as projected markets and trends through 2014.

This report will help:

  • Marketing managers identify market opportunities and develop targeted promotion plans for CAES technologies and services.
  • Research and development professionals stay on top of competitor initiatives and explore demand for CAES technologies and services.
  • Advertising agencies working with clients in the energy storage and renewable energy industries to understand the market for CAES, the application of CAES technologies, and the CAES procurement process, to develop messages and images that compel consumers to invest in CAES.
  • Business development executives understand the dynamics of the market and identify possible partnerships.
  • Information and research center librarians provide market researchers, brand and product managers and other colleagues with the vital information they need to do their jobs more effectively.

Chapter 1: Executive Summary
Scope
Utility-Scale Grid Energy Storage and CAES
Figure 1-1: Operations Schematic for Utility Scale Grid Energy Storage Technologies
Figure 1-2: Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) System
CAES Applications and Potential
Renewable Energy and CAES
Figure 1-3: Intermittent Renewable Energy Generating Capacity in the United States (1984-2014) (MW); Projected 2010-2014
CAES Market Origins and History
Proposed CAES Projects
Table 1-1: Proposed CAES Projects
Factors Affecting Market Size and Growth
Product Trends and Pricing
Industry Trends
Power Project Financing Trends
Power and Energy Market Trends
Figure 1-4: Total Annual U.S. Electricity Consumption in Thousands of GWh (2004-2009; U.S. projection 2010-2014)
Regulatory Support and Incentives for CAES
Figure 1-5: U.S. State RPSs in Effect (by year; 1997-2009)
CAES End Users and Operators
Summary


Chapter 2: Overview of Compressed Air Energy Storage
Scope
Utility-Scale Grid Energy Storage Technologies
Figure 2-1: Operations Schematic for Utility Scale Grid Energy Storage Technologies
Compressed Air Energy Storage
Figure 2-2: Operations Schematic for Utility Scale CAES Facility
Pumped Hydroelectric Storage
Figure 2-3: Operations Schematic for Utility Scale PHS Facility
CAES System Operation
Figure 2-4: Standard Gas Turbine
Figure 2-5: Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) System
CAES System Components
Electric Motors
Air Compressors
Intercoolers, Aftercoolers
Wellhead/Piping
Compressed Air Storage
Expanders
Combustion Chamber
Recuperators
Generators
Emerging Technology CAES Components
Grid Generation Management, Scheduling, and Energy Storage
Grid Generation
Figure 2-6: Load Curves for a Typical Electrical Power Grid
Power Purchasing and Scheduling
The Grid and Energy Storage
CAES Applications and Potential
Power Market and Load Arbitrage
Localized and Regionally-Distributed Power Generation
Renewable Energy Load-Following
CAES and Competing Utility-Scale Energy Storage and Load-Following Power Generation Technologies
CAES and PHS
Figure 2-7: U.S. Map of Utility-Scale Wind Power Resources and CAES-Sui Geologies
CAES and Single-Cycle Gas Turbines
Summary


Chapter 3: Market Size and Growth
Scope
Market Assessment Methodology
Table 3-1: CAES Project Categories for Market Assessment
Market Origins and History
Huntorf
McIntosh
CAES Product and System Development
CAES Facility Projects
Iowa Stored Energy Park
NYSEG CAES Facility
PG&E CAES Facility
Norton
ADELE
EnBW CAES Facility
Gaelectric Projects
Table 3-2: Montana Transmission Projects
Shell WindEnergy Texas Panhandle Wind Farm
Ridge Energy Storage Projects
Present Market Structure
Factors Affecting Market Size and Growth
Technological Precedents / Industry and Governmental R&D
Grid Demand (Load) Growth
Transmission System Upgrades & Modernization
Renewable Power Growth
Figure 3-1: California Operational Solar and Wind Power Capacity in Megawatts (MW) (1979-2009)
Figure 3-2: New York Operational Wind Power Capacity in Megawatts (MW) (1999-2009)
Figure 3-3: Texas Operational Wind Power Capacity in Megawatts (MW) (1994-2009)
Figure 3-4: Iowa and Minnesota Operational Wind Power Capacities in Megawatts (MW) (1994-2009)
Compressed Air Energy Storage Market Size
High vs. Low Market Projections
Compression Subsystem Market Size
Figure 3-5: CAES Compression Subsystem Market Size (2009-2014) (in million $)
Storage Subsystem Market Size
Figure 3-6: CAES Storage Subsystem Market Size (2009-2014) (in million $)
Expansion/Generation Subsystem Market Size
Figure 3-7: CAES Expansion/Generation Subsystem Market Size (2009-2014) (in million $)
Total CAES System Market Size
Figure 3-8: Total CAES System Market Size (2009-2014) (in million $)
Summary


Chapter 4: Market and Product Trends
Scope
Product Trends and Pricing
Air Compressors
Motors/Generators
Compressed Air Storage/Well Infrastructure/Piping
Expanders/Combustion Chambers
Recuperators/Heat Exchangers
Industry Trends
Power Project Financing Trends
Public Utilities
Independent Power Producers
Power and Energy Market Trends
Price Trends for Peak Power
Figure 4-1: Total Annual U.S. Electricity Consumption in Thousands of GWh (2004-2009; U.S. projection 2010-2014)
Figure 4-2: Texas - ERCOT South Zone Day-Ahead Peak Power Prices by Monthly Average (2006-2009)
Figure 4-3: Ohio - Dayton PJM Hub Day-Ahead Peak Power Prices by Monthly Average (2005-2009)
Figure 4-4: California - SP 15 CAISO Hub Day-Ahead Peak Power Prices by Monthly Average (2005-2009)
Price Trends for Consumer Electricity
Figure 4-5: Annual Electricity Consumption in Thousands of GWh in the United States and Germany (2004-2009)
Figure 4-6: Retail Electricity Prices in the United States (ยข/kWh) by Consumer Sector (2004-2009; projected 2010-2011)
Figure 4-7: Retail Electricity Prices in Germany (€/kWh) by Consumer Sector (2004-2009)
Costs and Price Trends for Natural Gas
Figure 4-8: Power Generation Natural Gas Cost in the United States ($/million Btu) (2004-2009; projected 2010-2011)
Figure 4-9: Gas Natural Gas Price for Industrial Sector in Germany (€/Gigajoule [GJ]) (2002-2009); supply data available only through 2008
Peaking Power Plant Installation Rates and Trends
Figure 4-10: Combustion Gas Turbines by Annual Installed Capacity and Cumulative Installed Capacity in the United States (1953-2008) (MW)
Deregulated Market Trends
Renewable Energy and Power Markets
Current Power Market Value of Utility-Scale Energy Storage
Regulatory Support and Incentives for CAES
Renewable Portfolio Standards
Figure 4-11: U.S. State RPSs in Effect (by year; 1997-2009)
Figure 4-12: In-State Intermittent Renewable (Solar and Wind) Energy Generation (Gigawatt-hours) (1997-2009)
Figure 4-13: Intermittent Renewable (Solar and Wind) Percentage of Total In-State System Generation (% of Total Gigawatt-hours) (1997-2009)
Figure 4-14: Wind Energy Generation (Gigawatt-hours) in Germany and Select German States (1991-2008)
Figure 4-15: Wind Energy Generation Percentage out of Total Generation in Germany and Select German States (% of Total Gigawatt-hours) (1991-2008)
Environmental Concerns and the Green Movement
Summary


Chapter 5: CAES Products - Promotion and Distribution
Scope
CAES Research, Development, and Demonstration (RD&D)
Private Sector RD&D
Government Involvement in RD&D
Public and Utility Customer Outreach
CAES Product Promotion
CAES Product Distribution
Figure 5-1: CAES Production: Distribution Chain
Summary


Chapter 6: Competitive Profiles
Scope
Methodology and Selection of Profiles
Alstom Power
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Performance
Figure 6-1: Annual Revenues of Alstom Power, 2005-2009 (in billion €)
Company News
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Outlook
API Heat Transfer
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Table 6-1: API Heat Transfer’s Product and Brand Portfolio for CAES Equipment
Performance
Dresser-Rand
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Table 6-2: Dresser-Rand’s Product and Brand Portfolio for CAES Equipment
Performance
Figure 6-2: Annual Revenues of Dresser-Rand, 2004-2008 (in billion $)
Company News
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Outlook
Personnel Changes
GE Energy
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Table 6-3: GE Energy’s Product and Brand Portfolio for CAES Equipment
Performance
Figure 6-3: Annual Energy Infrastructure Revenues of General Electric, 2004-2008 (in billion $)
Company News
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Outlook
Personnel Changes
MAN Turbo
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Table 6-4: MAN Turbo’s Product and Brand Portfolio for CAES Equipment
Performance
Figure 6-4: Annual Revenues of MAN Turbo, 2004-2008 (in billion €)
Company News
Mergers, Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Outlook
Personnel Changes
Siemens Energy
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Performance
Figure 6-5: Annual Revenues of Siemens Energy, 2005-2009 (in billion €)
Company News
Mergers, Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Outlook
Personnel Changes
SolarCAT
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Company News
Outlook
SSS Gears
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Performance
Struthers Wells
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Performance
Company News
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Outlook
Personnel Changes
SustainX
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Performance


Chapter 7: End Users
Scope
CAES End Users and Operators
Public Utilities
Independent Power Producers
Summary


Appendix: Contact Information for Select CAES Suppliers and Technical Experts

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