Clean Coal Energy Technologies: Markets and Trends Worldwide

 
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Published Jun 1, 2009 | 198 Pages | Pub ID: SB1926747

Introduction

Coal is the most abundant and economical fossil fuel in the world and over 6,400 million tonnes of coal were produced globally in 2008. More than 80% of the world’s coal reserves are located in the United States, China, India, Russia, Australia, and South Africa. Coal is primarily used for the generation of electricity, with smaller volumes used for industrial process heat and in steel production.

Coal is the currently the most frequently used fuel for electricity generation. Coal produces about 42% of the world’s electricity. On a levelized cost of production basis, the global market value of coal-fired electricity exceeded $400 billion in 2008.

Coal is an important fuel source and will likely remain so due to its low cost and abundance. However, the use of coal in combustion to generate electricity leads to various environmental challenges. The coal industry continues to develop various clean coal technologies to address these challenges. In 2008, global generation of electricity using clean coal technologies is currently valued at over $61 billion.

Clean Coal Energy Technologies: Markets and Trends Worldwide includes a broad review of the market for clean coal technologies for coal-fired electricity generation. The report provides a discussion of several of the technologies employed or in development to address the environmental impact of coal. The market demand for coal, electricity, and clean coal-fired electricity is quantified and projections for growth in demand are provided, along with the key factors influencing this growth. The report also provides profiles of 14 companies active in clean coal.

Report Methodology

The information in Clean Coal Energy Technologies: Markets and Trends Worldwide is based on primary and secondary research. Primary research entailed in-depth interviews with firms involved in the development of clean coal technologies and coal-fired electricity generation to obtain information on the developing market and factors shaping the industry. Secondary research entailed data gathering from relevant sources, including government and industry publications, company literature and corporate annual reports.

What You’ll Get in This Report

Clean Coal Energy Technologies: Markets and Trends Worldwide contains important insights and projections regarding the future of this market around the world. No other market research report provides both the comprehensive analysis and data that Clean Coal Energy Technologies: Markets and Trends Worldwide offers. Subscribers will benefit from extensive data, presented in easy-to-read and practical charts, tables and graphs.

How You’ll Benefit from This Report

If your company is already doing business in the market for clean coal technologies for coal-fired power generation, or is considering entering the marketplace, you will find this report invaluable. It provides a comprehensive package of information and insight not offered in any other single source. You will gain a thorough understanding of the current global market for clean coal technologies for coal-fired power generation, as well as projected markets and trends through 2013.

This report will help:

  • Marketing managers understand the market forces shaping the market for clean coal technologies and identify market opportunities.

  • Research and development professionals stay on top of competitor initiatives and explore demand for clean coal technologies.

  • Business development executives understand the dynamics of the market and identify possible partnerships.

  • Information and research center librarians provide market researchers, product managers, and other colleagues with the vital information they need to do their jobs more effectively.

Chapter 1: Executive Summary
Overview
Table 1-1: Environmental Challenges Presented by Various Coal Plant Emissions, 2008
Pollutant Emission Reductions
Table 1-2: Comparison of Particulate Removal Systems, 2008
Conversion Efficiency Improvements
Table 1-3: Average Achievable Combustion Efficiency by Combustion Technology, 2008
Pulverized Coal Combustion
Table 1-4: Pressure, Temperature, & Efficiency Comparison of PCC Steam Units, 2008
Fluidized Bed Combustion
Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle
Carbon Capture and Sequestration
Figure 1-1: Pathway to Zero Emissions Coal Combustion, 2008
Carbon Capture
Carbon Transportation
Carbon Sequestration
Global Electricity Demand
Figure 1-2: Global Electricity Generation, 2004-2008 (Billion kWh)
Coal Power Generation
Figure 1-3: Global Coal-Fired Electricity Generation Capacity, 2004-2008 (Gigawatt)
Global Electricity Demand Projections
Figure 1-4: Global Electricity Generation, 2009-2013 (Billion kWh)
Outlook for Coal Power
World Coal Reserves
Competing Traditional and Alternative Power Technologies
Clean Coal Outlook and Winning Technologies
Figure 1-5: Global CCT Electricity Volume and Value, 2009-2013 (Volume in Terawatt hour; Value in $ M)
Figure 1-6: Clean Coal Electricity Generation by Technology, 2009-2013 (Terawatt hours)
Report Scope
Report Format
Report Methodology
Abbreviations
Table 1-5: Abbreviations Utilized in Report


Chapter 2: Technology Types
Overview
Coal
Table 2-1: Top Five Producers of World Hard Coal, 2008
Coal Extraction
Power Conversion
Table 2-2: World Electricity Generated from Coal, 2008
Environmental Impact
Table 2-3: Environmental Challenges Presented by Various Coal Plant Emissions, 2008
Table 2-4: Average Emission Rates from Coal-Fired Electricity Generation, 2008
Table 2-5: Clean Coal Technologies and Emissions Addressed, 2008
Emissions
Pollutant Emission Reductions
Coal Preparation
Flue Gas Cleanup Systems
Particulate Removal Systems
Table 2-6: Comparison of Particulate Removal Systems, 2008
Fabric Filters
Electrostatic Precipitators
Figure 2-1: Electrostatic Precipitator Overhead View, 2008
Wet Particulate Scrubbers
Flue Gas Desulfurization
Figure 2-2: Particulate and Sulfur Dioxide Removal in Pulverized Coal Combustion Process, 2008
Table 2-7: Comparison of Flue Gas Desulphurization Systems, 2008
Wet Scrubbers
Dry Scrubbers
Circulating Fluid Bed Scrubbers
Moving Bed Dry Scrubbers
Spray Dry Scrubbers
Sorbent Injection Processes
Furnace Sorbent Injection Process
Economizer Sorbent Injection Process
Duct Sorbent Injection Process
Hybrid Sorbent Injection
Nitrogen Oxide Reduction Systems
Table 2-8: Comparison of Nitrogen Oxide-Reducing Flue Gas Systems, 2008
Selective Catalytic Reduction
Selective Non-Catalytic Reduction
Conversion Efficiency Improvements
Figure 2-3: Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Coal-Fired Power Plants at Various Efficiencies, 2008 (tonnes/MWh)
Table 2-9: Average Achievable Combustion Efficiency by Combustion Technology, 2008
Pulverized Coal Combustion Technologies
Figure 2-4: Pulverized Coal Combustion Process, 2008
Table 2-10: Pressure, Temperature, & Efficiency Comparison of PCC Steam Units, 2008
Subcritical Pulverized Coal Combustion
Supercritical Pulverized Coal Combustion
Ultra-Supercritical Pulverized Coal Combustion
Fluidized Bed Combustion
Bubbling Fluidized Bed Combustion
Atmospheric Bubbling Fluidized Bed Combustion
Pressurized Bubbling Fluidized Bed Combustion
Circulating Fluidized Bed Combustion
Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle
Figure 2-5: Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Combustion Process, 2008
Carbon Capture and Sequestration
Figure 2-6: Pathway to Zero Emissions Coal Combustion, 2008
Carbon Capture
Figure 2-7: Carbon Capture Options in Development, 2008
Pre-Combustion Capture
Oxyfuel Combustion
Post Combustion Capture
Chemical Looping Combustion
Carbon Transportation
Carbon Sequestration
Figure 2-8: Carbon Sequestration Options, 2008
Geological Sequestration
Deep Saline Formations
Deep Coal Seams
Depleted Oil and Gas Fields
Other Geological Storage
Terrestrial Sequestration
Oceanic Sequestration
Chemical Conversion


Chapter 3: Market Size and Segmentation
Overview
Global Coal Production
Figure 3-1: Global Coal Productiona, 2004-2008 (Million Tonnes)
Global Coal Consumption
Figure 3-2: Global Coal Consumption, 2004-2008 (Quadrillion Btu)
Table 3-1: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Member Nations, 2008
Coal Consumption by Sector
Figure 3-3: Global Coal Consumption by Sector, 2008 (percent)
Global Electricity Demand
Figure 3-4: Global Electricity Generation, 2004-2008 (Billion kWh)
Coal Power Generation
Figure 3-5: Global Coal-Fired Electricity Generation Capacity, 2004-2008 (Gigawatts)
Regional Coal Power Generation
Figure 3-6: Global Coal-Fired Electricity Generation by Region, 2008 (percent)
Figure 3-7: Coal Power Generation by Regiona, 2004-2009 (Billion kWh)
Clean Coal Technologies
Environmental Impact of Coal
Carbon Dioxide
Sulfur Dioxide
Nitrogen Oxides
Mercury
Lead
Particulates
Figure 3-8: Typical Sulfur Dioxide Emissions of Coal Power Technologies (mg/ m3)
Figure 3-9: Typical Nitrogen Oxides Emissions of Coal Power Technologies (mg/m3)
Figure 3-10: Typical Carbon Dioxide Emissions of Coal Power Technologies (g/kWh)
Figure 3-11: Global Clean Coal Technology Electricity Volume and Value, 2004-2008 (Volume in Terawatt hour; Value in $ M)
Pulverized Coal Combustion
Subcritical Pulverized Coal Combustion
Figure 3-12: Global Coal-Fired Electricity Generation using Sub-Critical Plants, 2004-2008 (Terawatt hour)
Super and Ultra-Supercritical Pulverized Coal Combustion
Figure 3-13: Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Coal-Fired Power Plants at Various Efficiencies, 2008 (tonnes/MWh)
Table 3-2 Recent Ultra Supercritical Plants in China
Figure 3-14: Global Coal-Fired Electricity Generation using Super/Ultra-Critical Plants, 2004-2008 (Terawatt hour)
Fluidized Bed Combustion
Figure 3-15: Global Coal-Fired Electricity Generation Using FBC Plants, 2004-2008 (Terawatt hour)
Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle
Figure 3-16: Global Coal-Fired Electricity Generation using IGCC Plants, 2004-2008 (Terawatt hour)
Carbon Capture and Sequestration
Figure 3-17: Carbon Sequestration Options, 2008


Chapter 4: Market Factors and Projections
Overview
Global Coal Supply Trends
Global Coal Demand Trends
Regional Coal Demand Trends
North America
Europe
Australasia
Global Electricity Demand Projections
Figure 4-1: Global Electricity Generation, 2009-2013 (Billion kWh)
Outlook for Coal Power
World Coal Reserves
Competing Traditional and Alternative Power Technologies
Natural Gas
Fuel Conversion
Electricity Generation and Sustainability
Table 4-1: World Electricity Generated from Natural Gas, 2008
Table 4-2: World’s Proved Reserves of Natural Gas, 2008
Environmental Impact
Nuclear
Fuel Conversion
Electricity Generation and Sustainability
Table 4-3: World Electricity Generated from Nuclear, 2008
Environmental Impact
Hydroelectric
Electricity Generation and Sustainability
Table 4-4: World Electricity Generated from Hydroelectric, 2008
Environmental Impact
Wind
Electricity Generation and Sustainability
Table 4-5: World Electricity Generated from Wind, 2008
Environmental Impact
Solar
Electricity Generation and Sustainability
Table 4-6: World Electricity Generated from Solar, 2008
Environmental Impact
Table 4-7: Cost and Sustainability of World Electricity Generation by Fuel Type, 2008
Figure 4-2: Coal Power Generation by Regiona, 2009- 2013 (Billion kWh)
Environmental Impact of Coal
Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Initiatives
The Kyoto Protocol
Figure 4-3: Kyoto Protocol Ratifying Nations
Table 4-8: Kyoto Protocol Greenhouse Gas Emissions Targets (% change from 1990 level)
European Union Emissions Trading System
Keidanren Voluntary Action Plan
New South Wales Greenhouse Gas Abatement Scheme
Greenhouse Gas Reduction Initiatives in the United States
California Global Warming Solutions Act
Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative
Western Climate Initiative
Public Perception and Policy Debate in the United States
Proponents of Coal
Opponents of Coal
Current Status of United States Policy on Clean Coal
Clean Coal Outlook and Winning Technologies
China
United States
India
Japan
Europe
Australia
South Africa
Relative Performance and Cost of Clean Coal Technologies
Figure 4-4: Relative Total Capital Requirements for Clean Coal Technologies (Dollars per kilowatt capacity)
Figure 4-5: Relative Levelized Cost of Electricity for Clean Coal Technologies (Cents per kilowatt hour)
Clean Coal Forecast
Figure 4-6: Global Clean Coal Technology Electricity Volume and Value, 2009-2013 (Volume in Terawatt hour; Value in $ M)
Figure 4-7: Clean Coal Electricity Generation by Technology, 2009-2013 (Terawatt hours)
Carbon Capture and Storage - Outlook
European Union Investment in Carbon Capture and Sequestration
Table 4-9: Carbon Capture and Sequestration Funding in the European Union, 2008
Australian Investment in Clean Coal Technologies


Chapter 5: Participant Profiles
Overview
Table 5-1: Description of Companies Profiled
Alstom
Table 5-2: Alstom Profile
Corporate Background
Product and Brand Portfolio
Performance
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Outlook
Personnel Changes
American Electric Power
Table 5-3: American Electric Power Profile
Corporate Background
Product and Brand Portfolio
Performance
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Outlook
Personnel Changes
BP
Table 5-4: BP Profile
Corporate Background
Product and Brand Portfolio
Performance
Company News
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Outlook
Personnel Changes
Citigroup
Table 5-5: Citigroup Profile
Corporate Background
Product and Brand Portfolio
Performance
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Outlook
Personnel Changes
ConocoPhillips
Table 5-6: ConocoPhillips Profile
Corporate Background
Product and Brand Portfolio
Performance
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Outlook
Personnel Changes
Duke Energy
Table 5-7: Duke Energy Profile
Corporate Background
Product and Brand Portfolio
Performance
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Outlook
Personnel Changes
Foster Wheeler, Incorporated
Table 5-8: Foster Wheeler, Incorporated Profile
Corporate Background
Product and Brand Portfolio
Performance
Company News
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Outlook
Personnel Changes
General Electric
Table 5-9: General Electric Profile
Corporate Background
Product and Brand Portfolio
Performance
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Outlook
Personnel Changes
Merrill Lynch
Table 5-10: Merrill Lynch Profile
Corporate Background
Product and Brand Portfolio
Performance
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Outlook
Personnel Changes
Morgan Stanley
Table 5-11: Morgan Stanley Profile
Corporate Background
Product and Brand Portfolio
Table 5-12: Morgan Stanley Product Mix, Pre and Post Smith Barney Merger, 2008 and 2008 pro forma (percent)
Performance
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Outlook
Personnel Changes
Praxair, Incorporated
Table 5-13: Praxair, Incorporated Profile
Corporate Background
Product and Brand Portfolio
Performance
Company News
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Outlook
Personnel Changes
Royal Dutch Shell
Table 5-14: Royal Dutch Shell Profile
Corporate Background
Product and Brand Portfolio
Performance
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Outlook
Personnel Changes
Siemens
Table 5-15: Siemens Profile
Corporate Background
Product and Brand Portfolio
Performance
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Outlook
Personnel Changes
Tampa Electric Company
Table 5-16: Tampa Electric Company Profile
Corporate Background
Product and Brand Portfolio
Table 5-17: Tampa Electric Power Plants, 2009
Performance
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Outlook
Personnel Changes