Energy Storage Technologies in Utility Markets Worldwide

 
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Published Aug 1, 2010 | 184 Pages | Pub ID: SB2435740

Energy storage systems provide the ability to balance power demand and supply, reduce electric surges and sags, maintain power frequency, and ensure power remains available for critical loads when power outages occur. They can also provide enough power to maintain operations until systems can be shut down in an orderly fashion or provide enough power until other on-site generation sources come on-line. Energy storage solutions additionally afford several strategic benefits such as improved flexibility for grid operators, increased national energy security, and reduced environmental impact.

The financial benefits of energy storage within the generation, transmission, and distribution system are numerous. With the incorporation of energy storage into the grid, the utility sector and customers can expect reduced financial losses due to outages and poor power quality. Energy storage solutions can improve the efficiency of, and thus reduce the costs associated with, load following, frequency regulation and provision of reserves. They can also improve the return on renewable energy generation investments, enable profitable power market arbitrage, enable the deferral of electric infrastructure investments, and reduce end-user electricity costs.

Current and future demand for high quality, reliable electricity exceeds the supply capabilities of current infrastructure. Energy storage solutions can help to maximize the capacity of current infrastructure while improving power quality and reliability. Demand for energy storage solutions is expected to further benefit from the growing trends in the adoption of renewable energy generation and microgrid solutions. The significant public and private investments currently being made are also expected to bolster the growth of energy storage solutions in the utility sector. However, a number of challenges remain, including the need to further improve the cost/performance of current technologies, the relative lack of technical and commercial maturity of many energy storage solutions, and regulatory and monetization issues.

With electric grids around the world struggling to meet the rising demand for more and higher quality power in a cost effective and environmentally conscious manner, utilities and other service providers responsible for reliable electricity service are continuing to identify and evaluate a range of technically and economically viable solutions. Energy storage technologies including CAES, pumped hydro, batteries and capacitors which offer solutions to many of the common problems and emerging needs of the industry have been successfully tested and deployed. Energy storage technologies can offer benefits such as prompt start-up, modularity, easy siting, limited environmental impact, and flexibility to be used for multiple applications.

Ongoing growth in renewable generation, the emergence of microgrids, substantial public and private investments, and continued R&D that improves the cost/performance of energy storage technologies are expected to drive even stronger growth over the next several years. The global market for energy storage solutions in the utility sector is expected to grow by 15.8% per year to over $10 billion in 2015. Meanwhile, the value of energy storage solutions in the United States is forecast to increase 26.6% per year to nearly $2 billion in 2015.

Report Methodology

The information in Energy Storage Technologies in Utility Markets Worldwide is based on primary and secondary research. Primary research entailed interviews with firms involved in the manufacture, distribution and sales of ICT products, analysts and consultants to the energy industry to obtain insight into the products, technologies and market factors shaping the industry. Secondary research entailed data gathering from relevant sources, including government and industry publications, company literature and corporate annual reports.

What You’ll Get in This Report

Energy Storage Technologies in Utility Markets Worldwide contains important insights and projections regarding the future of this market around the world. The report provides both the comprehensive analysis and data. Subscribers will benefit from extensive data, presented in easy-to-read and practical charts, tables and graphs.

Energy Storage Technologies in Utility Markets Worldwide includes a broad review of the market for energy storage technologies applied in the global utility sector. The report examines opportunities for energy storage systems to beneficially impact the generation, distribution, and transmission of electricity. Front-running energy storage technologies for such applications are discussed. Specific applications in the utility sector and their benefits to value chain participants, including end-users, are highlighted. The report also quantifies the historic, current, and projected market size for various energy storage technologies in the utility sector. Profiles of key suppliers of energy storage technologies are also included.

How You’ll Benefit from This Report

If your company is already doing business related to energy storage solutions, or is engaged in activities pertaining to the electric grid and its operations, you will find this report invaluable. Further, companies engaged in the market for renewable source generation, smart grid, and microgrid or community power solutions will also benefit from this report. It provides a comprehensive package of information and insight not offered in any other single source. You will gain a thorough understanding of the current global market for energy storage solutions and their applications and benefits to utility sector value-chain participants, as well as the projected market size and trends for incumbent and emerging energy storage technologies through 2015.

This report will help:

  • Marketing managers understand the market forces shaping the market for energy storage technologies which are commercially viable for utility sector applications and identify market opportunities.
  • Research and development professionals stay on top of competitor initiatives and explore demand for energy storage technologies.
  • Business development executives understand the dynamics of the market and identify possible partnerships.
  • Information and research center librarians provide market researchers, product managers, and other colleagues with the vital information they need to do their jobs more effectively.
Chapter 1 - Executive Summary
Introduction
The Grid and Energy Storage
Applications of Energy Storage Solutions
Table 1-1 Functional Categorization of Utility Energy Storage Applications
Energy Storage Technologies
Pumped Hydro Storage
Compressed Air Energy Storage
Electrochemical Capacitors
Flywheels
Batteries
Lead-Acid Batteries
Lithium-Ion Batteries
Molten Salt Batteries
Flow Batteries
Other Technologies and Solutions
Drivers of Demand for Energy Storage Systems
Limiting Factors
Current and Projected Market Size
Figure 1-1 Global and US Value of Energy Storage Market for Utility Applications, 2006-2015 ($ billion)
Figure 1-2 Value of Global Energy Storage Market for Utility Applications by Technology, 2010 (in $ million)
Figure 1-3 Pumped Hydro Storage Capacity by Region, 2010 and 2015 (Gigawatts)
Figure 1-4 Global Compressed Air Energy Storage Market for Utility Applications, 2010-2015 ($ million)
Figure 1-5 Global Batteries and Capacitors Market for Utility Applications, 2010-2015 ($ million)
Figure 1-6 Global Energy Storage Market for Flywheels and Other Systems in Utility Applications, 2010-2015 ($ million)
Energy Storage Developers/Suppliers
Table 1-2 Energy Storage Technology Developers/Suppliers by Technology
Table 1-3 Energy Storage Technology Developers/Suppliers by Technology (cont.)
Table 1-4 Energy Storage Technology Developers/Suppliers by Technology (cont.)
Report Scope
Report Format
Report Methodology
Abbreviations and Definitions
Table 1-5: Abbreviations Utilized in Report
Table 1-5: Abbreviations Utilized in Report (cont.)


Chapter 2 - Utility Sector Energy Storage Applications
Introduction
The Electric Grid
Figure 2-1 The Electric Grid
Source: US Department of Energy
Power Generation
Figure 2-2 Load Curves for a Typical Electrical Power Grid
Power Transmission
Power Distribution
Grid Operations
Microgrids
The Grid and Energy Storage
Applications of Energy Storage Solutions
Table 2-1 Functional Categorization of Utility Energy Storage Applications
Generation and Supply Applications
Table 2-2 Energy Storage Requirements for Black Start Applications
Table 2-3 Energy Storage Requirements for Spinning Reserve Applications
Table 2-4 Energy Storage Requirements for Load Following Applications
Table 2-5 Energy Storage Requirements for Regulation Control Applications
Table 2-6 Energy Storage Requirements for Load Shifting Applications
Table 2-7 Energy Storage Requirements for Renewables Integration Applications
Transmission and Distribution Applications
Figure 2-3 Classification of Grid Stability Applications
Table 2-8 Energy Storage Requirements for Angular Stability Applications
Table 2-9 Energy Storage Requirements for Voltage Stability Applications
Table 2-10 Energy Storage Requirements for Frequency Excursion Suppression Applications
Table 2-11 Energy Storage Requirements for Distribution Power Quality Applications
Energy Storage System Requirements by Application
Table 2-12 Energy Storage Requirements by Application
Energy Storage Technologies by Application
Table 2-13 Energy Storage Technologies by Application


Chapter 3 - Energy Storage Technologies
Introduction
Pumped Hydro Storage
Figure 3-1 Pumped Hydro Storage Facility
Table 3-1 Technology Developers/Suppliers, Pumped Hydro Storage
Compressed Air Energy Storage
Figure 3-2 Compressed Air Energy Storage System
Table 3-2 Technology Developers/Suppliers, Compressed Air Energy Storage
Electrochemical Capacitors
Figure 3-3 Electrochemical Capacitor
Table 3-3 Technology Developers/Suppliers, Electrochemical Capacitors
Flywheels
Table 3-4 Technology Developers/Suppliers, Flywheels
Batteries
Figure 3-4 Basic Rechargeable Battery Design
Lead-Acid Batteries
Figure 3-5 Representative Flooded Lead-Acid Battery
Table 3-5 Technology Developers/Suppliers, Lead-Acid Batteries
Lithium-Ion Batteries
Figure 3-6 Representative Lithium-Ion Battery
Table 3-6 Technology Developers/Suppliers, Lithium-Ion Batteries
Molten Salt Batteries
Figure 3-7 Representative Sodium-Sulfur Battery
Table 3-7 Technology Developers/Suppliers, Molten Salt Batteries
Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries
Figure 3-8 Schematic of Vanadium Redox Flow Battery
Table 3-8 Technology Developers/Suppliers, Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries
Zinc-Bromine Batteries
Table 3-9 Technology Developers/Suppliers, Zinc Bromine Batteries
Other Emerging Technologies and Solutions
Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage
Thermal Storage
Vehicle to Grid
Conclusion
Figure 3-9 Illustrative Positioning of Energy Storage Technologies


Chapter 4 - Demand Factors and Market Size
Introduction
Demand Drivers
Growing Electricity Demand
Figure 4-16 Electricity Production Estimates, 2005-2030 (trillion kWh)
Electric Power Supply Constraints
Figure 4-1 Major Disturbances in Electricity Delivery, 2005-2009 (# disturbances)
Rising Grid Investment Needs
Rising Electricity Rates
Figure 4-2 US Retail Electricity Prices by Sector, 2004-2012 (ยข/kWh)
Figure 4-3 Retail Electricity Prices in Germany by Sector, 2004-2009 (€/kWh)
Growing Renewable Generation
Figure 4-4 World Net Electricity Generation from Renewables, 2006-2015 (trillion kWh)
Emergence of Microgrids
Public and Private Funding
Limiting Factors
Cost Competitiveness
Table 4-1 Energy Storage Cost Comparison
Supply Constraints
Regulatory and Monetization Issues
Commercial Maturity
Current and Projected Market Size
Figure 4-5 Global and US Value of Energy Storage Market for Utility Applications, 2006-2010 ($ billion)
Figure 4-6 Global and US Value of Energy Storage Market for Utility Applications, 2010-2015 ($ billion)
Figure 4-7 Global Energy Storage Market for Utility Applications by Technology, 2006-2015 ($ million)
Pumped Hydro
Figure 4-8 Pumped Hydro Storage Capacity by Region, 2010 and 2015 (Gigawatts)
Table 4-2 Recent and Planned PHS Projects
CAES
Table 4-3 CAES Facilities Planned for Completion 2010-2015
Figure 4-9 Global Compressed Air Energy Storage Market for Utility Applications, 2010-2015 ($ million)
Batteries and Capacitors
Figure 4-10 Global Batteries and Capacitors Market for Utility Applications, 2010-2015 ($ million)
Figure 4-11 Global Energy Storage Market for Batteries and Capacitors by Technology, 2006-2015 ($ million)
Flywheels and Other Systems
Figure 4-12 Global Energy Storage Market for Flywheels and Other Systems in Utility Applications, 2010-2015 ($ million)
Electricity Storage Benefits
Utility Generation/Supply Benefits
Utility Transmission and Distribution Benefits
Utility Customer Benefits


Chapter 5 - Participant Profiles
Overview
Table 5-1 Description of Companies Profiled
Altair Nanotechnologies, Incorporated
Table 5-2 Altair Nanotechnologies, Incorporated Profile
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Table 5-3 Altair Nanotechnologies, Inc. Product and Brand Portfolio, Lithium Ion Batteries
Performance
Figure 5-1 Altair Nanotechnologies, Incorporated Revenues, 2005-2009 ($ million)
Innovation
Personnel Changes
Alstom Power
Table 5-4 Alstom Power Profile
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Table 5-5 Alstom Power Product Portfolio, Pumped Hydro
Performance
Figure 5-2 Alstom Power Sector Revenues, 2005-2010 (€ million)
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Personnel Changes
Axion Power International, Incorporated
Table 5-6 Axion Power International, Incorporated Profile
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Performance
Figure 5-3 Axion Power International, Incorporated Revenues, 2005-2009 ($ million)
Innovation
Personnel Changes
Beacon Power Corporation
Table 5-7 Beacon Power Corporation Profile
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Performance
Figure 5-4 Beacon Power Corporation Revenues, 2005-2009 ($ thousand)
Innovation
Personnel Changes
Dresser-Rand
Table 5-8 Dresser-Rand Profile
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Table 5-9 Dresser-Rand Product and Brand Portfolio, CAES Equipment
Performance
Figure 5-5 Dresser-Rand Revenues, 2005-2009 ($ billion)
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Personnel Changes
GE Energy
Table 5-10 GE Energy Profile
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Table 5-11 GE Energy Product and Brand Portfolio, CAES Equipment
Performance
Table 5-12 GE Energy Operating Segment Associated Business Units
Figure 5-6 GE Energy Revenues, 2005-2009 ($ billion)
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Personnel Changes
GEMx Technologies, LLC
Table 5-13 GEMx Technologies, LLC Profile
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Table 5-14 GEMx Technologies, LLC Product and Brand Portfolio, Sodium Metal Halide Batteries
Performance
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Maxwell Technologies, Incorporated
Table 5-15 Maxwell Technologies, Incorporated Profile
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Table 5-16 Maxwell Technologies, Inc. Product and Brand Portfolio, Electrochemical Capacitors
Performance
Figure 5-7 Maxwell Technologies, Incorporated Revenues, 2005-2009 ($ million)
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Personnel Changes
Prudent Energy, Incorporated
Table 5-17 Prudent Energy, Incorporated Profile
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Performance
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Innovation
Personnel Changes
ZBB Energy Corporation
Table 5-18 ZBB Energy Corporation Profile
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Performance
Innovation
Personnel Changes


Appendix - Selected Corporate Addresses

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