Fuel Cell Technologies Worldwide

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Published Sep 1, 2010 | 170 Pages | Pub ID: SB2625062

Fuel cells represent an exciting and dynamic industry that could alter the way we produce and use energy for residential and commercial consumption, transportation, electronic devices, and more.

While fuel cells are a technology that has been known to scientists for almost 200 years, in the modern world, they represent an innovative source of energy. Fuel cells are favored as a “green” technology for their low emissions, quiet operation and high efficiency. They can be fed by fuels that are readily available, including biofuels, thus reducing reliance on foreign oil and an electric grid that is aging and in many places pushed beyond capacity.

The great appeal of fuel cells is that they can operate continuously as long as the necessary flows of fuel and oxygen are maintained, and they produce only water as a byproduct, rather than being a source of pollution.

Although it is a relatively young industry, fuel cells have shown vigorous growth in the past few years. SBI Energy research estimates that the market grew from $353 million in 2005 to $498 million in 2009. We predict global sales will reach $1.2 billion by 2014.

Much of the early optimism for the future of the industry was driven by U.S. and other government investment. Early expectations of a quick, low-cost source of alternative energy have been mediated by the realities of lengthy product development cycles and the growing acceptance of alternative energy technologies such as wind and solar. As the new US administration pulls back from aggressive investment in the technology, some observers are now questioning how quickly fuel cells can achieve widespread commercialization. As a consequence, fuel cells are in a race with other alternative energy technologies such as solar and wind for widespread acceptance.

In this dynamic and rapidly changing marketplace, SBI Energy’s new report, Fuel Cell Technologies Worldwide, will provide clear guidance and insight on various technologies and end-use markets.

The report zeroes in on the historic growth (2005-2009) and growth potential (2010-2014) of the global market for fuel cells and discuss various fuel cell technologies currently used. Market size and growth will be broken out by major country and by region of the world. The report will also segment the market by technology (type of fuel cell as defined by the electrolyte used), and application (stationary power, portable electronics, motor vehicles, backup power supplies, military & aerospace, and others), and provide detailed profiles of companies that are leading the way in the industry.

The information in Fuel Cell Technologies Worldwide is based on interviews with industry leaders and fuel cell researchers, as well as primary and secondary data from industry sources such as Fuel Cell 2000, Fuel Cell Today, and the US Fuel Cell Council. Research also includes company literature and websites, news reports and research services such as OneSource.

What You’ll Get in This Report

Through extensive research by SBI Energy, Fuel Cell Technologies Worldwide identifies current market drivers and trends, and makes important predictions about the future of this market. In addition, this report pinpoints ways current and prospective players can capitalize on current trends and spearhead new ones.

No other market research report provides both the comprehensive analysis and extensive data that Fuel Cell Technologies Worldwide offers. Plus, you’ll benefit from extensive data, presented in easy-to-read and practical charts, tables and graphs.

How You’ll Benefit from This Report

If your company is already doing business in the fuel cell market, or is considering making the leap, you will find this report invaluable, as it provides a comprehensive package of information and insight not offered in any other single source. You will gain a thorough understanding of the current market for fuel cells, as well as projected markets and trends through 2014.

This report will help:

  • Marketing managers identify market opportunities and develop targeted promotion plans for fuel cells
  • Research and development professionals stay on top of competitor initiatives and explore demand for fuel cells in current and alternative markets.
  • Advertising agencies working with clients in the manufacturing sector understand the product buyer, and develop messages and images that compel product developers and engineers to incorporate fuel cells into various types of end-use products.
  • Business development executives understand the dynamics of the market and identify possible partnerships.
  • Equity and venture capital investors identify high potential opportunities for capital infusion.
  • Information and research center librarians provide market researchers, brand and product managers and other colleagues with the vital information they need to do their jobs more effectively.
Chapter 1: Executive Summary
Table 1-1 Fuel Cell Market Size by geographic region, 2005-2009 (units in thousands)
Table 1-2 Fuel Cell Market growth through 2014, by geographic region (sales in $million; units in thousands)
Table 1-3 Fuel Cell Growth by application, 2005-2014 (dollars in millions, units in thousands)
Table 1-4 Percentage of total global sales by region
Chapter 2: Fuel Cell Construction
Basic Design
Figure 2-1 Fuel Cell Basic Design
System Components
Stacks and Systems
Figure 2-2 Fuel Cell Power System
Table 2-1 Effects of various gaseous reactants on various fuel cell types
Stack Components
Reformers and Processors
Storage Devices
Heat Exchangers
Fuel cells as an alternative energy source
Chapter 3: Fuel Cell Technologies
Figure 3-1 Fuel Cell Basic Design
Current Technologies
Table 3-1 Comparison of common fuel cell types
Phosphoric acid fuel cells
Figure 3-2 Phosphoric acid fuel cell design
Molten carbonate fuel cells
Figure 3-3 Molten carbonate fuel cell design
Alkaline fuel cells
Figure 3-4 Alkaline fuel cell design
Direct borohydride fuel cells
Figure 3-5 Direct Borohydride fuel cell design
Metal hydride fuel cells
Proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells
Figure 3-6 Proton exchange membrane fuel cell design
Direct formic acid fuel cells (DFAFCs)
Direct ethanol fuel cells (DEFCs)
Direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs)
Figure 3-7 Direct methanol fuel cell design
Reformed methanol fuel cells
Figure 3-8 Design of a reformed methanol fuel cell system with reformer
Direct carbon fuel cells (DCFCs)
Figure 3-9 Design of a direct carbon fuel cell system
Solid oxide fuel cells
Figure 3-10 Configuration for a tubular design SOFC
Figure 3-11 Planar solid oxide fuel cell design
Enzymatic biofuel cells
Figure 3-12 Examples of enzymatic biofuel cells for in vivo applications
Microbial fuel cells
Figure 3-13: Microbial fuel cell design
Protonic ceramic fuel cells
Regenerative fuel cells
Figure 3-14 Regenerative fuel cell design
Upflow microbial fuel cells
RFC-Redox fuel cells
Electro-galvanic fuel cells
Zinc-air fuel cells
End-uses for fuel cells
Chapter 4: Market Size and Growth
Fuel cell background
Direction of current research and development
Table 4-1 A sample of leading research initiatives worldwide
Figure 4-1 Fuel cell patents granted since 2009
Table 4-2 Fuel cell patents granted, first quarter 2010
Current market drivers
Historic market growth, 2005-2009
Figure 4-2 Total fuel cell market size by US$ dollars, 2005-2009
Figure 4-3 Total market size for fuel cells by units, 2005-2009
Table 4-3 Fuel Cell Market Size by geographic region, 2005-2009
Table 4-4 Key industry indicators
Current obstacles
Consumer Awareness
Likelihood and speed of adoption
Economies of scale
Table 4-5 Fuel cell system size for common applications
Investment climate and job creation
Figure 4-4 Employment history and projections for global fuel cell market
Table 4-6 Employment history and projections for global fuel cell market
Government involvement and incentives
Figure 4-5 Percent of global fuel cell sales by region, 2005-2009 and 2010-2014
Table 4-7 Annual growth rate in units shipped, by region
Current market size estimate
Table 4-8 Fuel cell market size by region 2009
Table 4-9 Fuel cell market size by application 2009-2010
Current growth rate and market projections, 2010-2014
Figure 4-6 Global fuel cell market growth
Figure 4-7 Fuel cell market sales growth, 2010 - 2014, by region ($million)
Table 4-10 Fuel Cell Market growth through 2014, by region (sales in $million)
Figure 4-8 Fuel Cell Growth by application, 2005-2014 as a percentage of market total
Figure 4-9 Fuel cell percentage of market share by fuel cell type, 2010
Figure 4-10 Global fuel cell market value by type (sales US$million)
Figure 4-11 Global fuel cell market by technology type, units shipped
Table 4-11 CAGR for common fuel cell types, 2010-2014
Chapter 5: End-use markets and their outlook
Table 5-1 Fuel cell types and some common applications
Large Stationary Sector
Figure 5-1 1.2 MW fuel cell module for a DFC3000 2.4 MW power plant
Small Stationary
Residential and Small Retail
Table 5-2 U.S. Department of Defense Residential PEM Demonstration Program funding history
Figure 5-2 ClearEdge5 residential CHP unit
Table 5-3 Preliminary technical targets for 1-10 kW residential CHP fuel cells operating on natural gas
Emergency back-up power, or Uninterrupted Power Supply (UPS)
Figure 5-3 Design of a 1-kilowatt direct borohydride UPS system
Distributed generation
Base load power plants
Power for base stations or cell sites
Figure 5-4 Standby back-up power for mobile base transmission station in Manila, Philippines
Motor vehicles
Table 5-4 Most recent fuel cell vehicle models from major auto manufacturers
Figure 5-5 Chevrolet Equinox refueling at a California hydrogen station
Niche Transport
Figure 5-6 Fuel cell forklifts produced by Plug Power
Table 5-5 Where fuel cells are used for materials handling
Auxillary Power Units (APUs)
Table 5-6 Preliminary technical targets for 1kW-10kW fuel cell auxiliary power units (APUs) operating on standard ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs)
Figure 5-7 Fuel Cell UAV conceptual design
Figure 5-8 Protonex HULC (Human Universal Load Carrier) exoskeleton, powered by fuel cells
Aviation and aerospace
Figure 5-9 The Mars Flyer, a potential application for improved PEM fuel cells and next-generation fuel cells
Figure 5-10 Boeing’s experimental fuel cell-powered aircraft
Figure 5-11 First commercial aircraft powered by fuel cells, 2008
Portable electronics
Figure 5-12 Proposed schematic for a 20-watt direct borohydride laptop power unit
Small heating appliances
Long-term winning applications
Chapter 6: Manufacturers of Fuel Cell Technologies
Corporate Background
Product and Brand Portfolio
Table 6-1 Acumentrics Product Portfolio
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Personnel Changes
Adaptive Materials, Inc.
Corporate Background
Product and Brand Portfolio
Table 6-2 Adaptive Materials’ Product Portfolio
Personnel Changes
Ballard Power Systems
Corporate Background
Product and Brand Portfolio
Table 6-3 Ballard Power System Product Portfolio
Figure 6-1 Annual Revenues of Ballard Power Systems, 2007-2009 (in million $)
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Personnel Changes
Bloom Energy
Corporate Background
Product and Brand Portfolio
Table 6-4 Bloom Energy’s Product Portfolio
ClearEdge Power
Corporate Background
Product and Brand Portfolio
Table 6-5 ClearEdge Power’s Product Portfolio
Personnel Changes
FuelCell Energy
Corporate Background
Product and Brand Portfolio
Table 6-6 FuelCell Energy’s Product Portfolio
Figure 6-2 Annual Revenues of FuelCell Energy
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Hydra Fuel Cell Corporation
Corporate Background
Product and Brand Portfolio
Table 6-7 Hydra Fuel Cell Corporation’s Product Portfolio
Corporate Background
Product and Brand Portfolio
Table 6-8 IdaTech’s Product Portfolio
Figure 6-3 Annual Revenues of IdaTech
MTI Micro Fuel Cells
Corporate Background
Product and Brand Portfolio
Table 6-9 MTI Micro Fuel Cell Product Portfolio
Corporate Background
Product and Brand Portfolio
Table 6-10 NedStack Product Portfolio
As a private entity, financial information is not currently published.
Personnel Changes
Plug Power
Corporate Background
Product and Brand Portfolio
Table 6-11 Plug Power Product Portfolio
Figure 6-4 Annual Revenues of Plug Power
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Personnel Changes
Protonex Technology Corporation
Corporate Background
Product and Brand Portfolio
Table 6-12 Protonex Product Portfolio
Figure 6-5 Annual Revenues of Protonex
Acquisitions and Divestitures
Personnel Changes
Gary Flood, President & CEO
Corporate Background
Product and Brand Portfolio
Table 6-13 ReliOn Product Portfolio
SFC Smart Fuel Cell AG
Corporate Background
Product and Brand Portfolio
Table 6-14 SFC Smart Fuel Cell Product Portfolio
Figure 6-6 Annual Revenues of SFC Smart Fuel Cell
UTC Power
Corporate Background
Product and Brand Portfolio
Table 6-15 UTC Power Product Portfolio
Appendix: Addresses of Selected Marketers

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