Biofuels Global Market: Opportunities, Emerging Technologies and Production

 
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Published Oct 1, 2009 | 138 Pages | Pub ID: SB1926676

SBI estimates that the global market value for liquid biofuel and bioenergy manufacturing is $102.5 billion ($U.S.) in 2009 and expects it to reach nearly $170.4 billion by 2014. The U.S. is the leading producer and consumer of bio-based renewable energy, including automotive fuel and electricity. The dollar value of U.S.-produced bio-energy manufacturing initiatives is currently $48.7 billion and will grow to reach $103.3 billion in 2014, representing a five-year CAGR rate of 16.2%. The U.S. share of the biofuel and bioenergy manufacturing industry is nearly 48% of the world’s total and will grow to nearly 61% by 2014. Brazil will maintain share of second place with a market value of $46.3 billion by 2014, a 4.2% CAGR growth from $37.7 billion. The fastest growing countries for bio-based energy manufacturing include China and India, which will grow their market values through 2014, although their overall market share will flatten. This report is the most comprehensive treatment of the biofuels market available. Worldwide data is provided on biorefineries, conversion and separation technologies, manufacturing, research and development, organic biofuels, consumption, capacity, components and competition.

This report delves into the global efforts to develop technologies that improve the refining processes associated with many different types of biofuels and its growing consumption among nations throughout the next few decades.

Biofuel is expected to become a major renewable resource to produce fuel, electricity, heat, and other sources of power. To compete with other energy types will require development and implementation of an enhanced biorefinery process that minimizes its impact on local environments. Developing sustainable fractionation and separation technologies will be a key factor for the success of refining biomasses into renewable energy.

Biorefinery technology differs from traditional oil based refinery technology because it will be mainly water-based. Today’s biofuels involve either ethanol or diesel, with the former accounting for roughly 90 percent of the market. Brazil, the United States, and China are the greatest producers. More than half of the world’s bioethanol is generated from sugar cane; the rest comes mainly from corn. Biodiesel is mostly derived from rapeseed and sunflower.

Chapter 1: Executive Summary
Outlook for Biofuel Consumption
Figure 1-1: Global Share of Energy Consumption by Source, 2009 vs. 2014
Table 1-1: Bioenergy Supply, by Region, 2006, 2009 and 2014 (GwH)
External Factors Affect Growth of Biofuels
Food Prices Fuel Biomass Debate
United States Remains Hotbed of Biomass Activity
Biofuel Technology Research
Global Market Values
Table 1-2: Global Market Values of Biofuel and Bioenergy (Organic and Technology) Manufacturing, by Country, 2009 and 2014 (in $ millions)
Table 1-3: U.S. Market Value of Biomass Manufacturing, Organic and Technology, 2006 to 2009
Shipments of Organic Biomass Feedstocks
Table 1-4: U.S. Export Value of Wheat, by Country, 2004 and 2009 (in $ thousands)
Imports of Organic Biomass
U.S. Shipments of Biomass Conversion Technology Components
Table 1-5: U.S. Shipment Value of Biomass Conversion Technology Components, 2004 to 2009 (in $ millions)
Table 1-6: U.S. Market Value of Biomass Conversion Technology Components, 2004 to 2009 (in $ millions)
U.S. Backs Biofuel Innovations
Federal Funding Fuels Innovation
Innovations in Biorefineries
Innovations in Biofuel Processing
Biofuel Energy Policy Fuels Debate
Biofuel’s Effect on Food Prices
Biofuels Lobbying Efforts
Global Policies toward Biofuels
Market Value Forecast Through 2014
Figure 1-2: Share of Global Market Value for Biofuel and Bioenergy Manufacturing by Country, 2009 and 2014


Chapter 2: Introduction and Overview
Report Scope
Methodology
Terminology
Table 2-1: Biomass Power Technologies
Future Biomass Conversion Technologies
Table 2-2: Future U.S. Biomass Conversion Technology Research Projects
First- and Second-Generation Liquid Biofuels
Ethanol Production Processes
Table 2-3: Energy use and Net Energy Value per Gallon Dry vs. Wet Milling Processes (BTUs per gallon)
Biomass Feedstocks


Chapter 3: World Bioenergy Activities & Technologies
Table 3-1: World Consumption of Energy, by Energy Types and Country Group, 2002, 2009 and 2014 (in quadrillion BTUs)
Figure 3-1: Global Share of Energy Consumption, by Source, 2009 vs. 2014
Table 3-2: U.S. Renewable Energy Consumption, by Source, 2008, 2009 and 2014 (trillion BTU)
Table 3-3: U.S. Renewable Energy Capacity and Electricity Generation, by Source, 2009 and 2014
Table 3-4: Electricity Generation Capacity, by Source and Region, 2009 and 2014 (GwH)
Table 3-5: Electricity Generation Capacity, by Source in France, 2009 and 2014 (GwH)
Table 3-6: Electricity Generation Capacity, by Source in China, 2009 and 2014 (GwH)
Table 3-7: Electricity Generation Capacity, by Source in India, 2009 and 2014 (GwH)
Table 3-8: Electricity Generation Capacity, by Source in Brazil, 2009 and 2014 (GwH)
Table 3-9: Bioenergy Supply, by Region, 2006, 2009 and 2014 (GwH)
Table 3-10: Bioenergy Production, by Country, 2006, 2009 and 2014 (GwH)
External Factors Affect Growth of Biofuels
Table 3-11: Consumption of Bioenergy Supply, by Region, 2006, 2009 and 2014 (GwH)
Table 3-12: Percent of Domestically Produced Bioenergy Consumed, by Region, 2006, 2009 and 2014
Figure 3-2: Percent of Domestically Produced Bioenergy Consumed, 2006, 2009, and 2014
Food Prices Fuel Biomass Debate
Figure 3-3: U.S. Producer Price Index of Biomass Conversion Components, 2004-2014
United States Remains Hotbed of Biomass Activity
Table 3-13: U.S. Renewable Energy Consumption, by Sector and Source, 2009 and 2014 (in quadrillion BTUs)
Table 3-14: U.S. Production of Electricity from Biomass and Other Renewable Sources, by Region, 2009 (MwH)
Figure 3-4: Share of Electricity Produced from Biomass to Other Renewable Sources, by U.S. Region, 2009 and 2014
Table 3-15: U.S. Production of Electricity from Biomass and Other Renewable Sources, by Region, 2014 (MwH)
Table 3-16: Operational Biorefineries, by State, 2009
Table 3-17: State Biorefinery Generation Capacity, 2009 and 2014 (MwH)
Figure 3-5: U.S. Biomass Plant Capacity, 2002 to 2014 (MwH)
Biofuel Technology Research
Table 3-18: Average Expenditures on Energy Research and Development, by IEA Nations, 2000 and 2005 with Projections by SBI for 2009 and 2014 (in $ millions)
Reduction of Greenhouse Gases
Figure 3-6: U.S. Emissions of Carbon Dioxide, 2009 and 2014 (in billions of metric tons)
Table 3-19: World Carbon Dioxide Emissions, by Region (in millions of metric tons of CO2)


Chapter 4: World Biomass Market Trends
Table 4-1: Global Market Values of Biofuel and Bioenergy (Organic and Technology) Manufacturing, by Country, 2009 and 2014 (in $ millions)
Figure 4-1: Compound Annual Growth Rate of Biofuel and Bioenergy Conversion (Organic and Technology Segments), by Country, 2009 to 2014
Table 4-2: Global Liquid Ethanol Production, by Country or Region, 2007, 2009 and 2014 (millions of gallons)
Table 4-3: Global Liquid Biodiesel Capacity, by Country, 2002, 2009 and 2014 (in millions of gallons)
Table 4-4: Production of Mill Residue, by State, 2009 and 2014 (thousands of dry tons)
Table 4-5: U.S. Market Value of Biomass Manufacturing, Organic and Technology, 2006 to 2009
Shipments of Organic Biomass Feedstocks
Table 4-6: U.S. Imports of Ethanol, by Country of Origin, 2007 to 2014 (in millions of gallons)
Table 4-7: U.S. Ethanol Production Capacity, by Type of Feedstock, 2009 and 2014 (in millions of gallons)
Table 4-8: U.S. Production of Corn and its Share Used for Ethanol Conversion, 2009 to 2014
Table 4-9: U.S. Export Value of Feedstocks Used for Bioenergy and Liquid Biofuel Manufacturing, 2004 and 2009 (in $ thousands)
Table 4-10: U.S. Export Value of Wheat, by Country, 2004 and 2009 (in $ thousands)
Table 4-11: U.S. Export Value of Corn, 2004 and 2009 (in $ thousands)
Biodiesel Trade Market in Flux
Table 4-12: Biodiesel Imports, by Region, 2008 to 2014 (in million gallons)
Table 4-13: Biodiesel Exports, by Region, 2008 to 2014 (in million gallons)
Table 4-14: U.S. Exports of Soybean Oil, by Country, 2004 and 2009 (in $ thousands)
Imports of Organic Biomass
Table 4-15: U.S. Import Value of Organic Biomass Feedstocks for Biofuel Conversion, 2004 and 2009 (in $ thousands)
Table 4-16: U.S. Import Value of Corn, by Country, 2004 and 2009 (in $ thousands)
Table 4-17: U.S. Soybean Production and its Use for Biodiesel Production, 2009 to 2014
Table 4-18: U.S. Import Value of Oilseeds, 2004 and 2009 (in $ thousands)
U.S. Shipments of Biomass Conversion Technology Components
Table 4-19: U.S. Shipment Value of Biomass Conversion Technology Components, 2004 to 2009 (in $ millions)
Table 4-20: U.S. Market Value of Biomass Conversion Technology Components, 2004 to 2009 (in $ millions)
Figure 4-2: Biomass Conversion Technology Share of Shipment Value, 2004, 2009 and 2014
Imports of Technology Components
Figure 4-3: Share of Import Shipment Value, by Technology Component, 2004 and 2009
Table 4-21: U.S. Imports of Industrial Furnaces, 2004 and 2009 (in $ thousands)
Figure 4-4: U.S. Imports and Exports of Organic and Technology Components of Biomass Conversion, 2006 to 2014 (expressed as a percentage of total market value)
Biomass Conversion Technology Exports
Table 4-22: U.S. Export Value of Metal Tanks, by Country, 2004 to 2009 (e) (in $ thousands)
Table 4-23: U.S. Export Value of Metal Cans, by Country, 2004 to 2009 (e) (in $ thousands)
Table 4-24: U.S. Exports of Industrial Furnaces, 2004 and 2009 (in $ thousands) Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Stat-USA, USA Trade Online. Calculated and estimated by SBI
Market Value Forecast Through 2014
Figure 4-5: Share of Global Market Value for Biofuel and Bioenergy Manufacturing, by Country, 2009 and 2014
Table 4-25: U.S. Shipment Value of Organic Biomass Manufacturing, 2006, 2009 and 2014 (in $ millions)
Table 4-26: U.S. Market Value Forecast of Organic and Technology Components for Biomass Conversion, 2006, 2009 and 2014 (in $ millions)
Table 4-27: U.S. Shipment and Market Value of Biomass Conversion Technology Component Manufacturing, 2009 to 2014 (in $ millions)
Figure 4-6: U.S. Share of Market Value for Organic and Technology Components Used in Biomass Conversion, 2006, 2009, 2014


Chapter 5: Manufacturer Profiles
Archer Daniels Midland (ADM)
Corporate Background
Industry Segments
Oilseeds Processing
Corn Processing
Agricultural Services
Other
Table 5-1: ADM Revenue, by Industry Segment, 2007-2008
Figure 5-1: ADM’s 2008 Share of Revenues, by Division
Company News
Outlook
Personnel Changes
Bunge
Corporate Background
Industry Segments
Table 5-2: Bunge Revenue, by Industry Segment, 2007-2008
Company News
Outlook
CHS
Corporate Background
Industry Segments
Renewable Energy
Figure 5-2: CHS 2008 Share of Revenues, by Business Segment (in $ billions)
Company News
Outlook
Royal Dutch Shell
Corporate Background
Industry Segments
Table 5-3: Shell Revenues, by Business Segment, 2007-2008 (in $ billions)
Company News
Outlook
Foster Wheeler
Corporate Background
Industry Segments
Company News
Outlook
Wilmar
Corporate Background
Industry Segments
Outlook
Tenaska
Corporate Background
Industry Segments
Outlook


Chapter 6: Innovations in Biofuel Technology
U.S. Backs Biofuel Innovations
Diversity of Cellulosic Feedstocks
Federal Funding Fuels Innovation
DOE Funds Advanced Biofuels Projects
Innovations in Biorefineries
Table 6-1: Advanced Biorefinery Concepts
Whole Crop Biorefineries
Ligno Cellulosic Feedstock Biorefineries (LCFBR)
Green Biorefineries
Two Platform Concept Biorefinery (TPCBR)
Marine Biorefinery (MBR)
Thermo Chemical Biorefinery (TCBR)
Innovations in Biofuel Processing
Advances in Ethanol Separation Technologies
Germ and Fiber Separation
Enzymatic Dry Milling
Dry Fractionation
Ammonia Process in the Wet Mill
Continuous Membrane Reactor for Starch Hydrolysis
Alkali Wet Milling
High-Gravity Fermentation
Improved Yeast
Conversion of Pentose Sugars to Ethanol
Enzymes for Liquefaction and Saccharification
Enzymes to Reduce Sulfur Dioxide
Distillation Technology
Control Systems
Environmental Technologies
Biodiesel Derived From Tallow


Chapter 7: Consumers of Biofuels
Biofuel Energy Policy Fuels Debate
Table 7-1: Renewable Fuel Volume Requirements for RFS2, 2008-2022 (billion gallons)
Feedstock Implications
Legislation Favors E85 Production
Figure 7-1: U.S. Consumer Opinions About Biofuels (% who fully agree)
Biofuel’s Effect on Food Prices
Studies Point to Ethanol’s Effect on Food Prices
Biofuels Lobbying Efforts
Table 7-2: Top 25 Expenditures on Biofuel Lobbying in 2008, by Company or Group
Global Policies Toward Biofuels
European Union Changes Biofuel Composition
Japan Continues Import Strategy
India Ethanol Blends Fluctuate
China Steps Up Corn Ethanol Production


Appendix: Addresses of Selected Companies and Organizations

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