Global Shale Gas Technologies and Markets

 
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Published Feb 1, 2011 | 172 Pages | Pub ID: SB6071853

Shale gas has the potential to dramatically impact global energy markets. It is assuming an increasingly significant role in global natural gas markets as nations around the world continue to seek lower-carbon fuels while ensuring energy security and economic development. Demand for natural gas is expected to continue to increase and will account for nearly 24% of global energy supplies by 2020. While demand for gas is increasing, supplies from conventional sources are depleting. This dynamic is driving the gas industry to unconventional sources, notably shale.

The confluence of growing demand and breakthrough technological advancements has made investments in shale plays attractive in recent years. Advancements in directional drilling and hydraulic fracturing technologies have enabled the achievement of high rates of gas production from deep, low permeability gas shale formations. These breakthroughs have facilitated access to some of the largest undeveloped gas resources in the world.

These technologies have been widely adopted in North America, resulting in dramatic increases in the production of shale gas. North American gas shales already produce over 9 billion cubic feet per day and are projected to continue to grow rapidly. Shale gas as a percentage of total North American gas production has increased from virtually nothing in 2000 to 13% in 2009; enabling the United States to eclipse Russia as the world’s leading producer of natural gas.

The success of shale gas production in North America, and particularly in the US, has accelerated the exploration of shale gas resources in other regions of the world. In 2009, the International Energy Agency estimated that global recoverable resources of shale gas exceed 6,350 trillion cubic feet (Tcf). In Europe, significant gas shale resources have been identified in Poland, Sweden, and Austria. A number of gas shale basins have also been identified in Australia, China, India, and Southern African nations.

Several factors point to dramatic growth and great expectations for the market for shale gas. However, the exploration and extraction of shale gas resources remains a relatively new and developing field. Certain challenges remain to be overcome and debate continues on the estimates of the scale of recoverable resources, the economics of shale gas production, and the environmental impact of shale gas extraction processes.

Global Shale Gas Technologies and Markets includes a broad review of the global market for shale gas. The report presents the characteristics of currently identified global shale gas resources and key technologies leveraged in the production of shale gas. Environmental considerations and the regulatory landscape are discussed. Additionally, details of major US shale play investments are provided along with discussion of the potential economic impact of shale development and US sub-sector employment trends. Key market participants are profiled. The report provides historic and forecast global shale production 2006 to 2020. Market drivers including global energy demand, gas demand, supply, and price trends and market inhibitors are reviewed in detail.

Report Methodology

The information in Global Shale Gas Technologies and Markets is based on primary and secondary research. Primary research entailed gathering information from firms and individuals involved in development, marketing, distribution and sales of shale and natural gas, utilities, analysts and consultants to the energy industry to obtain insight into the technologies and market factors shaping the industry. Secondary research entailed data gathering from relevant sources, including government and industry publications, company literature, and corporate annual reports.

What You’ll Get in This Report

Global Shale Gas Technologies and Markets contains important insights and projections regarding the future of this market around the world. The report provides both comprehensive data and analysis. Subscribers will benefit from extensive data, presented in easy-to-read and practical charts, tables, and graphs.

Global Shale Gas Technologies and Markets includes a broad review of the global market for natural gas from shale. The report presents the characteristics of currently identified global shale gas resources and key technologies leveraged in the production of shale gas. Environmental considerations and the regulatory landscape are discussed. Additionally, details of major US shale play investments are provided along with discussion of the potential economic impact of shale development and US sub-sector employment trends. Key market participants are profiled. The report provides historic and forecast global shale production 2006 to 2020. Market drivers including global energy demand, gas demand, supply, and price trends and market inhibitors are reviewed in detail.

How You’ll Benefit from This Report

If your company is already doing business in the energy markets, or is considering entering the marketplace, you will find this report invaluable. It provides a comprehensive package of information and insight not offered in any other single source. You will gain a thorough understanding of the current global market for natural gas from shale, as well as projected markets and trends through 2020.

This report will help:

  • Marketing managers understand the forces shaping global energy markets and the market for natural gas from shale and identify market opportunities.
  • Research and development professionals stay on top of competitor initiatives and explore demand for shale gas.
  • Business development executives understand the dynamics of the market and identify possible partnerships.
  • Information and research center librarians provide market researchers, product managers, and other colleagues with the vital information they need to do their jobs more effectively.
Chapter 1: Executive Summary
Report Summary
Shale Gas Market Size, Demand Drivers, and Inhibitors
Figure 1-1: US and Global Shale Gas Production Volume, 2006 to 2010 (in Bcf)
Figure 1-2: Projected Global Shale Gas Production Volume, 2011 to 2020 (in Bcf)
Shale Gas Technology and Development
Figure 1-3: Schematic of Natural Gas Sources and Wells
Market Participants
Figure 1-4: Upstream Gas Industry Structure
Table 1-1: List of Companies Profiled
Employment in US Shale Gas
Figure 1-5: Projected US Shale Gas Upstream Employment, 2010-2020 (in thousands)
Report Scope
Report Format
Report Methodology
Abbreviations and Definitions
Table 1-2: Abbreviations Utilized In Report
Chapter 2: Shale Gas Technology & Development
Overview
Geology and Geography of Shale Gas Resources
Figure 2-1: Conventional and Unconventional Gas Resources
Geology of Shale Gas Resources
Figure 2-2: Shale Outcrop
Chemical Composition of Shale Gas
Table 2-1: Typical Composition of US Shale Gas (Mole %)
Table 2-2: Composition of Shale Gas from US Shale Plays (Percent Mole)
Common Characteristics of Economically Viable Shale Gas Resources
Geography of Shale Gas Resources
Figure 2-3: Global Distribution of Shale Gas Resources (in trillion cubic feet)
Figure 2-4: Location of US Shale Gas Basins
Shale Gas Resource Development Process and Technologies
Figure 2-5: Shale Gas Development Process
Exploration
2-D Reflection Seismology
Figure 2-6: Visualization of Reflection Seismology (2-D) Process
3-D Seismic Imaging
Figure 2-7: Advanced 3-D Seismic Image
4-D Seismic Imaging
Exploratory Wells
Mineral Licensing and Leasing
Government-Owned Mineral Rights
Privately Owned Mineral Rights
Split Estate
Mineral Rights Access Has Shaped the US Shale Gas Industry
Well Permitting
Table 2-3: Regulatory Agencies in Shale Gas States
Well Pad Construction
Figure 2-8: Horizontal Multi-Well Schematic
Figure 2-9: Schematic of Typical Well Pad
Well Drilling
Vertical Drilling
Figure 2-10: Schematic of Rotary Drill
Horizontal Drilling
Figure 2-11: Schematic of Vertical and Horizontal Wells
Conventional Steerable Motors
Rotary Steerable Systems
Well Logging
Mud Logging
Wireline Logging
Logging While Drilling
Well Casing
Well Completion and Stimulation
Completion Activities
Hydraulic Fracturing
Figure 2-12: Hydraulic Fracturing
Plug and Perf Multi-Stage Fracturing
Open Hole Multi-Stage Fracturing
Slickwater Fracturing
Fracturing Fluid Additives
Table 2-4: Types and Purposes of Hydraulic Fracturing Fluid Additives
Foam Fracturing
Conclusion
Chapter 3: Industry Employment
Overview
US Oil and Gas Industry Employment
Oil and Gas Industry Structure
Figure 3-1: Upstream Gas Industry Structure
Occupations in Upstream Oil and Gas
Table 3-1: US Oil and Gas Extraction Employment by Occupation (in thousands)
Table 3-2: US Oil and Gas Drilling and Support Employment by Occupation (in thousands)
Historical Upstream Oil and Gas Employment
Figure 3-2: US Upstream Oil and Gas Employment, 2006-2010 (in thousands)
Figure 3-3: US Oil & Gas Upstream Employment and Crude Oil Prices, 2003-2010 (in thousands and in $/barrel)
Projected Upstream Oil and Gas Employment
Figure 3-4: US Upstream Oil and Gas Employment, 2011-2020 (in thousands)
Employment Outlook Presents Industry Challenge
Employment in the US Shale Plays
Projected US Shale Gas Employment
Figure 3-5: US Oil and Gas Production Forecast, 2010-2020 (in MMbbl and MMboe)
Figure 3-6: Projected US Shale Gas Upstream Employment, 2010-2020 (in thousands)
Occupations in Shale Gas Development
Table 3-3: Occupations in Shale Gas Development Process
Indirect and Induced Employment Resulting from US Shale Gas Development
Chapter 4: Market Sizing
Overview
Historic Global Shale Gas Production
Figure 4-1: US and Global Shale Gas Production Volume, 2006 to 2010 (in Bcf)
Figure 4-2: Global Wellhead Production Value of Shale Gas, 2006 to 2010 (in US$ Billion)
Figure 4-3: Global Shale Gas Production by Shale Play (in Percent)
Shale Gas Production in the United States
Figure 4-4: US Producing and Prospective Shale Basins, Lower 48 States
Barnett Shale
Table 4-1: Select Characteristics, Barnett Shale
Table 4-2: Top Ten Operators in the Barnett Shale Newark East Field, 2010 (Mcf gas production)
Fayetteville Shale
Table 4-3: Select Characteristics, Fayetteville Shale
Table 4-4: Top Ten Operators in the Fayetteville Shale, 2010 (Bcf gas sold)
Haynesville Shale
Table 4-5: Select Characteristics, Haynesville Shale
Table 4-6: Top Ten Operators in the Haynesville Shale, 2010 (Number active producing wells)
Woodford Shale
Table 4-7: Select Characteristics, Woodford Shale
Table 4-8: Operators in the Woodford Shale, 2010
Antrim Shale
Table 4-9: Select Characteristics, Antrim Shale
Marcellus Shale
Table 4-10: Select Characteristics, Marcellus Shale
Shale Gas Production in Canada
Table 4-11: Canada Estimated Original Gas in Place by Shale Basin (in trillion cubic feet)
Table 4-12: Representative Listing of Companies Active in Shale Gas Exploration in Canada
Shale Gas Exploration in Europe
Poland
Table 4-13: Representative Listing of Shale Gas Exploration Concessions Awarded in Poland
Shale Gas Exploration in Asia
China
India
Forecast Global Shale Gas Production
Figure 4-5: Projected Global Shale Gas Production Volume, 2011 to 2020 (in Bcf)
Figure 4-6: Global Shale Gas Production by Country, 2020 (in Percent)
Figure 4-7: Projected Global Shale Gas Value of Wellhead Production, 2011 to 2020 (In US$ Billion)
Market Demand Drivers
Growth in Global Energy Consumption
Figure 4-8: World Marketed Energy Consumption by Economic Region, 2005 to 2020 (in quadrillion Btu)
Growth in Global Natural Gas Demand
Figure 4-9: World Electricity Generation by Fuel Type, 2005, 2015 (Percent of Total)
Figure 4-10: World Marketed Energy Consumption by Economic Region, 2005, 2010, 2015, 2020 (in quadrillion Btu)
Decline in OECD Conventional Natural Gas Supplies
Figure 4-11: OECD Conventional Natural Gas Production, 2008 to 2020 (Tcf)
Advances in Shale Gas Technologies
Advances in Shale Gas Exploration Technologies
Advances in Directional Drilling of Shale Wells
Advances in Shale Fracturing Technologies
Figure 4-12: US Shale Gas Production, 2000 to 2010 (Tcf)
Abundance of Global Shale Gas Resources
Figure 4-13: Global Distribution of Shale Gas Resources (in trillion cubic feet)
Market Demand Inhibitors
Low Natural Gas Prices Can Impede Shale Growth
Figure 4-14: Natural Gas Henry Hub Spot Price, 2000 to 2010 ($ per Million Btu)
Environmental Issues and Regulatory Response
Water Impacts of Shale Gas Development
Risk of Water Contamination From Drilling Operations
Risk of Water Contamination From Hydraulic Fracturing Processes
Depletion of Local Water Resources
Air Quality Impacts of Shale Gas Developments
Land Impacts of Shale Gas Development
Evolving Regulatory Response
Barriers to Entry
Chapter 5: Participant Profiles
Overview
Table 5-1: List of Companies Profiled
Exploration and Production Industry Trends
Oilfield Services Industry Trends
Baker Hughes, Incorporated
Table 5-2: Baker Hughes, Incorporated Profile
Corporate Overview
Product Portfolio
Table 5-3: Baker Hughes, Incorporated Product Portfolio
Performance
Figure 5-1: Baker Hughes, Incorporated Revenues and Net Income, 2006-2010e (in $ B)
BP Plc
Table 5-4: BP Profile
Corporate Background
Product Portfolio
Table 5-5: BP Hydrocarbon Proved Reserves Portfolio (MMboe)
Table 5-6: BP Shale Gas Properties North America
Performance
Figure 5-2: BP Revenues and Net Income, 2006-2010e (in $ B)
Calfrac Well Services, Ltd.
Table 5-7: Calfrac Well Services, Ltd. Profile
Corporate Overview
Product Portfolio
Table 5-8: Calfrac Well Services, Ltd. Product Portfolio
Performance
Figure 5-3: Calfrac Well Services, Ltd Revenues and Net Income, 2006-2010e (in $ M)
Canyon Services Group, Incorporated
Table 5-9: Canyon Services Group, Incorporated Profile
Corporate Overview
Product Portfolio
Table 5-10: Canyon Services Group, Inc. Product Portfolio
Performance
Figure 5-4: Canyon Services Group, Inc. Revenues and Net Income, 2006-2010e (in $ M)
Chesapeake Energy Corporation
Table 5-11: Chesapeake Energy Corporation Profile
Corporate Overview
Product Portfolio
Table 5-12: Chesapeake Energy Corporation Product Portfolio
Table 5-13: Chesapeake Energy Corporation Product Portfolio by Operating Area
Performance
Figure 5-5: Chesapeake Energy Corporation Revenues and Net Income, 2006-2010e (in $ B)
Devon Energy Corporation
Table 5-14: Devon Energy Corporation Profile
Corporate Overview
Product Portfolio
Table 5-15: Devon Energy Corporation Product Portfolio
Performance
Figure 5-6: Devon Energy Corporation Revenues and Net Income, 2006-2010e (in $ B)
ExxonMobil/XTO Energy, Incorporated
Table 5-16: ExxonMobil/XTO Energy Profile
Corporate Overview
Product Portfolio
Table 5-17: XTO Energy, Inc. (subsidiary of ExxonMobil) Shale Gas Properties and Reserves (Mcf)
Performance
Figure 5-7: ExxonMobil Revenues and Net Income, 2006-2010e (in $ B)
Halliburton Company
Table 5-18: Halliburton Company Profile
Corporate Overview
Product Portfolio
Table 5-19: Halliburton Company Product Portfolio
Performance
Figure 5-8: Halliburton Company Revenues and Net Income, 2006-2010e (in $ B)
Quicksilver Resources, Incorporated
Table 5-20: Quicksilver Resources, Incorporated Profile
Corporate Overview
Product Portfolio
Table 5-21: Quicksilver Resources, Incorporated Product Portfolio
Table 5-22: Quicksilver Resources, Incorporated Product Portfolio by Operating Area
Performance
Figure 5-9: Quicksilver Resources Revenues and Net Income, 2006-2010e (in $ M)
San Leon Energy Plc
Table 5-23: San Leon Energy Plc Profile
Corporate Overview
Product Portfolio
Table 5-24: San Leon Energy Plc License Portfolio by Country
Schlumberger, Ltd
Table 5-25: Schlumberger, Ltd. Profile
Corporate Overview
Product Portfolio
Table 5-26: Schlumberger, Ltd. Product Portfolio
Performance
Figure 5-10: Schlumberger, Ltd Revenues and Net Income, 2006-2010e (in $ B)
Southwestern Energy Company
Table 5-27: Southwestern Energy Company Profile
Corporate Overview
Product Portfolio
Table 5-28: Southwestern Energy Company Product Portfolio by Operating Area
Performance
Figure 5-11: Southwestern Energy Company Revenues and Net Income, 2006-2010e (in $ B)
Talisman Energy Incorporated
Table 5-29: Talisman Energy Incorporated Profile
Corporate Overview
Product Portfolio
Table 5-30: Talisman Energy Net Productive Wells by Operating Area (# wells)
Table 5-31: Talisman Energy Shale Portfolio by Operating Area
Performance
Figure 5-12: Talisman Energy Incorporated Revenues and Net Income, 2006-2010e (in C$ B)
Trican Well Services, Ltd.
Table 5-32: Trican Well Services, Ltd. Profile
Corporate Overview
Product Portfolio
Table 5-33: Trican Well Services, Ltd. Product Portfolio
Performance
Figure 5-13: Trican Well Service, Ltd. Revenues and Net Income, 2006-2010e (in $ M)
Ultra Petroleum Corporation
Table 5-34: Ultra Petroleum Corporation Profile
Corporate Overview
Product Portfolio
Performance
Figure 5-14: Ultra Petroleum Corporation Revenues and Net Income, 2006-2010e (in $ B)

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