Hydropower Energy Technologies Worldwide: Large, Small, Mini, Micro and Pico

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Published Oct 1, 2009 | 176 Pages | Pub ID: SB1926640

This research report on Hydropower Energy presents an in-depth analysis of the development, applications, products, manufacturers, and trends in the development of the hydropower resources in the United States and around the world. Topics include the full gamut of hydropower generation, from conventional hydropower to newer wave energy and hydrokinetic technologies, from very large systems providing electricity to millions of people to the smallest systems suitable for a single family. Accounting for over 70% of renewable energy today, hydropower is poised to increase growth over the next five years, notwithstanding the emphasis currently being given to other renewable energy sources - wind and solar in particular. The report provides a comprehensive assessment of the current hydropower market, the environmental concerns that have limited its development in developed countries, the potential opportunities for new development (particularly in upgrading existing dams that do not produce power), and an assessment of developing technologies that harness the power of the ocean. Projected growth through 2013 for different sized hydro systems is provided including discussion of energy demand, environmental impacts, economic conditions, consumer acceptance, stakeholder concerns, and government activities as they affect growth rates. The report also profiles manufacturers and marketers of different hydro technologies and the strategies they have adopted to maximize growth and profitability.

Scope and Methodology

This report includes both primary and secondary research. Secondary research data have been obtained from government sources, trade association publications, business journals, and company literature. Statistical data are included for industry revenue, both globally and for the United States. The market size for Hydropower Energy technologies is projected from 2009 to 2013. Demand in each of the following application areas is analyzed in terms of overall revenue for developing hydro power:

  • Large Hydro (10 MW or more of generating capacity)
  • Small Hydro (1 to 10 MW of generating capacity)
  • Mini Hydro (100 KW to 1 MW of generating capacity)
  • Micro Hydro (5 KW to 100 KW of generating capacity)
  • Pico Hydro (less than 5 KW of generating capacity)

Potential hydro power applications, buying trends, environmental issues, and energy considerations are also reviewed and analyzed. Market size estimates and forecasts are based on government and secondary sources, and the impact of factors such as government grants and incentives, environmental concerns, fuel and energy prices, economic considerations, and demand for renewable energy sources.

How You Will Benefit from this Report

If your company is involved in renewable energy, electric service, business consulting and integration of electric resources, energy planning, off-grid electric applications, general construction, or simply want to determine the myriad opportunities that exist with development of hydropower you will find this report invaluable, as it provides a comprehensive package of information and insight about conventional and ocean hydro technologies that are not offered in any other single source. You will gain a thorough understanding of hydropower applications and markets, as well as projected market sizes and trends through 2013.

This report will help:

  • Marketing Managers identify market opportunities and develop targeted promotion plans for hydropower products and services.

  • Research and Development Professionals stay on top of competitor initiatives, product applications, and demand for hydro technologies.

  • Advertising Agencies working with clients in energy efficiency, energy service, and energy planning develop compelling messages and images to promote development of hydropower projects.

  • Business Development Executives understand the dynamics of developing hydropower projects, identify potential partnerships, and detect new product applications.

  • Information and Research Center Librarians provide market researchers, brand and product managers, and other colleagues with the vital information they need to do their jobs more effectively.

Chapter 1: Executive Summary
Research Methodology
Hydropower Past
Adverse Hydropower Impacts
Hydropower Development Costs
Figure 1-1: Top Hydroelectric Power Producers, 1980-2007 (terawatts)
Hydropower Today
Table 1-1: Sources of Renewable Energy in the United States, 2002 and 2007 (percent)
Demand for Electricity
Figure 1-2: Sources of Electricity, U.S. and World, 2007 (percent)
Water Power Potential
Table 1-2: Hydropower Resource Potential, by Continent, 2002 (percent)
Table 1-3: Power Potential of U.S. Water Energy Resource Sites
Figure 1-3: Hydrokinetic Production Potential, United States (TWh/yr)
Types of Hydropower Systems
Scale of Hydropower Systems
Hydropower Future
Factors Driving Hydropower Growth
Large Hydropower Growth
Figure 1-4: Global Large Hydropower Growth, 2009-2013 (gigawatts, $ billions)
Small Hydropower Growth
Figure 1-5: Hydro Capacity of New Licenses Issued by FERC, 1990-2009 (KW)
Figure 1-6: Small Hydropower Growth, 2009-2013 ($ billions)
Very Small Hydro Growth
Figure 1-7: Mini-Hydro Market Growth, 2009-2013 ($ millions)
Table 1-4: Global Hydro Growth Projections, 2009-2013 ($ millions)
Ocean Energy and Hydrokinetic Growth

Chapter 2: Hydropower
The Largest Renewable Energy Source
Table 2-1: Sources of Renewable Energy, 2002 and 2007 (percent)
Sources of Electric Power
Figure 2-1: Sources of Electricity, U.S. and World, 2007
Figure 2-2: Hydro Percent of Electric Production, by State, 2007
Electricity Demand
Table 2-2: Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Countries
Figure 2-3: Electricity Production Estimates, 2005-2030 (trillion kilowatthours)
Figure 2-4: U. S. Electricity Growth Rates, 1950-2030 (percent)
History of Hydropower
Types of Hydropower Systems
Impoundment Systems
Figure 2-5: Impoundment Hydropower System
Pumped Storage Systems
Figure 2-6: Pumped Storage Hydropower System
Run-of-River Systems
Figure 2-7: Run-of-River Hydropower System
Hydrokinetic Power - Ocean Wave and Current Systems
Ocean Wave Energy
Figure 2-8: Terminator and Oscillating Water Column (OWC) Device
Figure 2-9: Overtopping Device
Figure 2-10: Point Absorber Devices
Figure 2-11: Attenuator Device
Ocean and Tidal Current Energy
River Current Energy
Ocean, Tidal, and River Current Turbines
Figure 2-12: Ocean and River Current Axial Turbine Devices
Figure 2-13: Ocean and River Current Cross-Flow Turbine Devices
Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC)
Salinity Gradient Energy
Scale of Hydropower Systems
Figure 2-14: Micro-Hydro Run-of-River Plant
Hydropower Turbines
Figure 2-15: Francis Turbine Diagram
Figure 2-16: Kaplan Turbine Diagram
Figure 2-17: Pelton Wheel Diagram
Figure 2-18: Turgo Wheel Diagram
Figure 2-19: Cross-flow Turbine Diagram
Table 2-3: Water Turbine Application

Chapter 3: Conventional Hydro Market Size & Growth
Hydropower Today
Figure 3-1: Top Hydroelectric Power Producing Countries, 1980-2007 (terawatts)
Figure 3-2: Annual Hydropower Production, by Region, 1980-2007 (terawatts)
Hydropower Potential in the United States
Table 3-1: Power Potential of U.S. Water Energy Resource Sites
Large Scale Hydro Growth
Table 3-2: Largest Hydropower Facilities (Global) (MW of Capacity)
Figure 3-3: Large Hydropower Growth (Global), 2004-2008 (gigawatts, $ billions)
Figure 3-4: Large Hydropower Growth (Global), 2009-2013 (gigawatts, $ billions)
Large Scale Hydro Growth in the United States
Figure 3-5: New Hydropower Licenses Issued by FERC, 1990-2009
Figure 3-6: Hydro Capacity of New Licenses Issued by FERC, 1990-2009
Figure 3-7: Large Hydropower Growth in the United States, 2009-2013 ($ billions)
Small Hydro Growth
Figure 3-8: Small Hydropower Growth (Global), 2004-2008 (gigawatts, $ billions)
Figure 3-9: Small Hydropower Growth (Global and U.S.), 2009-2013 ($ billions)
Very Small Scale Hydropower Growth
Table 3-3: Very Small Hydro Systems
Table 3-4: Small Hydropower (SHP) Installations, by Region
Table 3-5: Populations With No Access to Electricity (millions)
Mini-Hydro Growth
Figure 3-10: Mini-Hydro Market Growth (Global and U.S.), 2009-2013 ($ millions)
Micro-Hydro Growth
Figure 3-11: Micro-Hydro Market Growth (Global and U.S.), 2009-2013 ($ millions)
Pico-Hydro Growth
Figure 3-12: Average Distributed Electric Generating Costs (300 W System) ($ per KW/hr)
Figure 3-13: Pico-Hydro Growth (Global), 2009-2013 ($ millions)
Growth Drivers and Inhibitors
Factors Enhancing Hydro Growth
Factors Inhibiting Hydro Growth
Table 3-6: Fish Mortality Rates, by Injury Type

Chapter 4: Hydrokinetic and Ocean Hydro Market Size and Growth
Ocean, Wave, and Hydrokinetic Potential
Figure 4-1: Annual Worldwide Average Wave Power Densities (kW/m)
Figure 4-2: Hydrokinetic Production Potential, United States (TWh/yr)
Ocean Energy Investments
Figure 4-3: Global Investments in Ocean Energy, 2004-2008 ($ millions)
Ocean Energy Production in the Years Ahead
Figure 4-4: Projected Growth in Ocean Energy Generated Electricity, 2009-2013 (MW)
Table 4-1: Companies With Producing Ocean Technologies (Full Scale Prototypes and Commercial Installations)
Costs of Setting up an Ocean Energy Power Converter
Projected World Growth in Ocean Energy, 2009-2013
The U.S. Ocean Energy Technology Market
Growth in the World Wave Energy Market
Figure 4-5: World Wave Energy Projects and Values, 1998-2009 ($ millions)
Leading Global Wave Energy Companies
Table 4-2: Wave Energy Companies with Full-Scale Prototypes
U.S. Wave Energy Market
Table 4-3: U.S. Geographic Locations and Potential Wave Energy Output
Growth in the World Tidal/Current Energy Market
Figure 4-6: World Tidal Energy Projects and Values, 2001-2009 ($ millions, number of projects)
Barrage Systems
U.S. Tidal Energy Market
U. S. Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Projects
Figure 4-7: Potential Markets for Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Projects
Salinity Gradient Projects
Factors Affecting Future Growth
Factors Enhancing Growth
Factors Inhibiting Growth

Chapter 5: Hydro Inventions and Innovations
The Power of Water Is Everywhere
Harnessing Power From Water Utilities
Bucket Generator System
Harnessing Water Power From The Home
Hydrokinetic Innovations
A Run-of-River Variant
Power Barges
Tailrace Water Power
A Slow Current Hydro Device
Recent Inventions
Table 5-1: Recent U.S. Patents for Hydro Inventions, 2007-2009
Hydrokinetic Inventions
Figure 5-1: Sewer Line Power Generating System Schematic
Figure 5-2: Transportable Hydro-Electric Generating System With Improved Water Pressure Enhancement Feature Schematic
Ocean Wave Hydropower Inventions
U.S. Department of Energy Hydro Research Activities
Recent Hydro Deployments
Wave Energy Development
Micro Hydro Development
Large HydroDevelopment

Chapter 6: Competitive Profiles
Pelamis Wave Power Ltd.
Table 6-1: Pelamis Wave Power Ltd.
Product Portfolio
Table 6-2: Pelamis Wave Power Ltd.
Significant Developments
Marine Current Turbines Ltd.
Company Performance
Table 6-3: Marine Current Turbines Ltd.
Product Portfolio
Table 6-4: Marine Current Turbines Ltd.
Significant Events
Grays Harbor Ocean Energy Company
Company Performance
Table 6-5: Grays Harbor Ocean Energy Company
Product Portfolio
Table 6-6: Grays Harbor Ocean Energy Company
Significant Events
Finavera Renewables Inc
Mergers and Acquisitions
Company Performance
Table 6-7: Finavera Renewables Inc
Product Portfolio
Table 6-8: Finavera Renewables Inc
Significant Events
Voith Hydro
Mergers and Acquisitions
Company Performance
Table 6-9: Voith Hydro
Product Portfolio
Table 6-10: Voith Hydro
Significant Events
Npower Renewables Ltd.
Company Performance
Table 6-11: Npower Renewables Ltd.
Product Portfolio
Table 6-12: Npower Renewables Ltd.
Significant Events
Asian Phoenix Resources Ltd.
Company Performance
Table 6-13: Asian Phoenix Resources Ltd.
Product Portfolio
Table 6-14: Asian Phoenix Resources Ltd.
Hydro Green Energy LLC
Company Performance
Table 6-15: Hydro Green Energy
Product Portfolio
Table 6-16: Hydro Green Energy
Significant Events
Rentricity Inc.
Company Performance
Table 6-17: Rentricity Inc.
Product Portfolio
Table 6-18: Rentricity Inc
Significant Events


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