The World Market for Microgrids

Feb 1, 2011
158 Pages - Pub ID: SB2835891
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Microgrids, also referred to as minigrids, off-grids and remote electrification grids are a smaller version of the traditional electrical grid or the newer digitized smart grid. A large variety of microgrid types exist: smart microgrids, islanded or decentralized microgrids, hybrid microgrids and rudimentary microgrids, to name a few. Microgrid installations around the world include everything from diesel generator-based rural electrification projects supplying electricity to small remote villages to large, futuristic cities and theme parks powered by multiple forms of renewable energy and using the newest microgrid technologies.

In 2010 the world market for microgrids reached $4.14 billion, up significantly from 2009. This exciting growth is expected to continue at least through the year 2020. The market segment for institutional and campus microgrids, claiming nearly 45% of total market share in 2010, is expected to cede some of its ownership by 2020 to the commercial and industry microgrid sector, as well as to military and off-grid microgrid types. In 2010, North America staked a near 74% of total microgrid market share; by 2020 it is expected the microgrid pie will be slightly more evenly distributed among the regions of the world.

The emerging microgrid market is in an advantageous position, being cradled by other growing, and some flourishing, industries. Microgrids are riding the waves of the expanding solar power industry, smart grid market and the multifaceted renewable energy market. Simultaneously, microgrids are inspiring growth in related energy markets such as energy storage and inverter technology. Positioned amid such bustling markets benefits the microgrid market with increased security, research support and interest from a large number of invested individuals across many occupations.

Government interest in microgrids is increasing, especially in the United States, as energy security becomes high priority. Microgrids are ideal for military bases, where soldier safety is often compromised by power outages and fuel delivery—both problems easily diminished with the use of microgrids.

Over the past decade, significant obstacles have stood in the way of microgrid growth. As with many emerging industries, especially those that are energy-related, having established policies and a solid regulatory base in place are necessary for market growth to reach its potential. Although slow to be implemented, microgrid guidelines are being established by government bodies and other organizations with investments in microgrid technologies. Success in the microgrid industry has also been contingent on some less than perfect technologies. These technological setbacks to market growth are quickly showing signs of dissipating, however, as universities and other research centers around the world develop methods and technologies to improve microgrid schemes.

The World Market for Microgrids contains comprehensive historical data (2006-2010) and forecast data (2011-2020). This report identifies key trends, regulations, politics, new technologies, jobs and economic and geographic factors affecting the size and direction of microgrid market growth around the world. Profiles of more than 15 major, or simply interesting, companies involved in the microgrid market are also included.

Report Methodology

The information contained in The World Market for Microgrids has been gathered from trade associations; business, science and law journals; company literature and websites; primary research interviews with more than ten key individuals, research services and institutes around the world; and is based on data from government agencies, such as the U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Energy and the Central Intelligence Agency.

How You Will Benefit From This Report

The World Market for Microgrids details significant trends, technologies and market numbers for a clear overview of the complex microgrid market. This report will help:

  • Managers identify market opportunities and develop solid implementation plans for microgrid activities.
  • Research and development professionals stay on top of competitor initiatives, and understand the developments and obstacles associated with the microgrid market.
  • Business development executives work within the dynamics of the market and identify possible partnerships.
  • Information and research center librarians access vital information.
  • Policy makers and government officials understand the dynamics and scope of the market they are working to affect.
  • Advertising agencies working with clients involved in the microgrid industry to help design appropriate messages and images.
  • Investors and stakeholders gain a well-rounded view of the microgrid market, including its strengths, weaknesses and likely future direction.
Chapter 1: Executive Summary
Market Scope
Report Methodology
Microgrid Market Overview
Microgrid Types
Microgrid Components and Energy Generating Options
Market Size and Growth
Global Microgrid Market Reaches $4.14 Billion in 2010
Figure 1-1: Global Microgrid Market Growth, 2006-2010 (In Billion Dollars)
Figure 1-2: Global Microgrid Market Growth, 2006-2010 (In GW)
Global Microgrid Market to Reach $14.92 Billion by 2020
Figure 1-3: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, 2010-2020 (In Billion Dollars)
Figure 1-4: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, 2010-2020 (In GW)
Institutional and Campus Segment Provides 1.93 GW in 2020
Figure 1-5: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, Institutional/Campus Segment, 2010-2020 (In Billion Dollars)
Figure 1-6: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, Institutional/Campus Segment, 2010-2020 (In GW)
North America Dominates Microgrid Market
Figure 1-7: Microgrid Share in Dollars, by Region, 2010
Factors in Market Size and Growth
Aging Electricity Infrastructures Around the World
Policies and Regulations Needed To Limber Up Microgrid Market
Energy Demand Increasing
Government Grants and Incentives Have Significant Impact on Market Growth
U.S. Military Interest in Microgrids High
Universities Aid in Much Needed Microgrid R&D
Technological Innovations and Schemes
Lockheed Martin to Create ‘HI Power’ Microgrid
Paladin® SmartGrid™ Software Platform
EDSA’s EPAG Data Integration Platform
Microgrids Around the Globe
China and U.S. Together Consume 40% of the World’s Energy
Figure 1-8: Energy Consumption: United States, China and India, Percentage of World Total, 1990-2035
Electricity Consumption Worldwide
Figure 1-9: World Electricity Consumption, 2000-2008 (in Billion KW Hours)
IEA Electrifies World with Aid of Microgrids
Electricity Infrastructure Overview in North America
Figure 1-10: North America: Electricity Consumption and Generation, 2005-2008 (In Billion KW Hours)
Clean Energy in North America
CERTS Microgrid Concept
California Pioneering in Microgrids
Twentynine Palms to Incorporate Microgrids
Employment Opportunities
Wide Variety of Jobs Within the Microgrid Market
Growth in the Microgrid Job Sector
Figure 1-11: Microgrid Employment, Number of Jobs, 2006-2030
Microgrid-related Job Earnings
Table 1-1: Selected Microgrid-related Occupational Earnings and Required Education, 2010
Chapter 2: Microgrid Market Overview
Microgrid Definition
Microgrid Types
Institutional/Campus Microgrids
Commercial/Industrial Microgrids
Community/Utility Microgrids
Military Microgrids
Smart Microgrids
Rudimentary Microgrids
Remote Off-grid Systems/Islanded Microgrids
Grid-connected Microgrids
Microgrid Components
Energy Generating Options
Generators
Fuel Cells
Fossil Fuels
Photovoltaic Sources
Wind Turbines
Microturbines
Marine Energy or Tidal Power
Hydroelectric Power
Geothermal Power
Biomass Power
Mini Nuclear Plants
Energy Storage Options
Batteries
Flywheels
Superconducting Magnetic Energy
Supercapacitators
Regenerative Fuel Cells
Compressed Air
Load Systems
Inverters
Smart Meters
Converters
Sensors
Controllers
Regulating and Management Hardware and Software
T&D System Automation
Microgrid Beginnings
Global Regulatory Overview
Chapter 3: Market Size and Growth
Global Microgrid Market Reaches $4.14 Billion in 2010
Figure 3-1: Global Microgrid Market Growth, 2006-2010 (In Billion Dollars)
Figure 3-2: Global Microgrid Market Growth, 2006-2010 (In GW)
Institutional/Campus Microgrids Grow by 53% over 5-Year Span
Figure 3-3: Global Microgrid Market Growth, Institutional/Campus Segment, 2006-2010 (In Billion Dollars)
Figure 3-4: Global Microgrid Market Growth, Institutional/Campus Segment, 2006-2010 (In GW)
Growth for Commercial and Industrial Microgrids Not Lagging
Figure 3-5: Global Microgrid Market Growth, Commercial/Industrial Segment, 2006-2010 (In Billion Dollars)
Figure 3-6: Global Microgrid Market Growth, Commercial/Industrial Segment, 2006-2010 (In GW)
Community and Utility Segment Reaches $.87 Billion in 2010
Figure 3-7: Global Microgrid Market Growth, Community/Utility, 2006-2010 (In Billion Dollars)
Figure 3-8: Global Microgrid Market Growth, Community/Utility Segment, 2006-2010 (In GW)
Military Microgrids See 106% Growth in 4-Year Period
Figure 3-9: Global Microgrid Market Growth, Military Microgrids, 2006-2010 (In Billion Dollars)
Figure 3-10: Global Microgrid Market Growth, Military Segment, 2006-2010 (In GW)
Remote Off-grid Systems Produced .08 GW in 2010
Figure 3-11: Global Microgrid Market Growth, Remote Off-grid Systems, 2006-2010 (In Billion Dollars)
Figure 3-12: Global Microgrid Market Growth, Remote Off-grid Segment, 2006-2010 (In GW)
Global Microgrid Market to Reach $14.92 Billion by 2020
Figure 3-13: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, 2010-2020 (In Billion Dollars)
Figure 3-14: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, 2010-2020 (In GW)
Institutional and Campus Segment Provides 1.93 GW in 2020
Figure 3-15: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, Institutional/Campus Segment, 2010-2020 (In Billion Dollars)
Figure 3-16: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, Institutional/Campus Segment, 2010-2020 (In GW)
Commercial/Industrial Segment Reaches $4.62 Billion by 2020
Figure 3-17: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, Commercial/Industrial Segment, 2010-2020 (In Billion Dollars)
Figure 3-18: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, Commercial/Industrial Segment, 2010-2020 (In GW)
Community and Utility Microgrids Claim $2.76 Billion in 2020
Figure 3-19: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, Community/Utility Segment, 2010-2020 (In Billion Dollars)
Figure 3-20: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, Community/Utility Segment, 2010-2020 (In GW)
Military Segment Projected to Reach $.81 Billion in 2015
Figure 3-21: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, Military Segment, 2010-2020 (In Billion Dollars)
Figure 3-22: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, Military Segment, 2010-2020 (In GW)
Remote Off-grid Systems Expected to See Grandiose Growth
Figure 3-23: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, Remote Off-grid Segment, 2010-2020 (In Billion Dollars)
Figure 3-24: Projected Global Microgrid Market Growth, Remote Off-grid Segment, 2010-2020 (In GW)
Microgrid Market Dominated by Institutional/Campus Segment
Figure 3-25: Microgrid Share in Billion Dollars, by Segment Type, 2006-2020
Figure 3-26: Microgrid Share in Dollars, by Segment Type, 2006
Figure 3-27: Projected Microgrid Share in Dollars, by Segment Type, 2020
North America Dominates Microgrid Market
Figure 3-28: Microgrid Share in Dollars, by Region, 2010
Figure 3-29: Microgrid Share in Dollars, by Region, 2020
Potential Growth of Global Microgrid Market Virtually Huge
Chapter 4: Factors in Market Size and Growth
Aging Electricity Infrastructures Around the World
Policies and Regulations Needed To Limber Up Microgrid Market
Microgrids Will Help Reduce Power Interruptions
Energy Demand Increasing
Electricity Costs Rising
Energy Efficiency Market Still Gaining Ground Despite Great Recession
Smart Microgrids Help Reduce Energy Consumption
‘Emerging Markets’ May Have Market Advantage
Microgrid Potential to Sell Electricity Back to ‘Macrogrid’
Microgrids Support Demand for Renewable Energy
Stakeholders and Investors See Future in Microgrids
Microgrids Established as Environmentally Friendly
Governments Obsessed with Energy Efficiency
Government Grants and Incentives Have Significant Impact on Market Growth
Missouri Department of Natural Resources Awards $49,095 for Microgrid Grant
New Mexico State University Granted $750,000 for Microgrid Research
Department of Defense Allocated $5M for Microgrid Pilot Program
DOE Offers $3.9 Billion in Smart Grid Stimulus Grants
U.S. Military Interest in Microgrids High
The Military Energy Security Act (HR 5230)
Federal Agencies Required to Have COOPs in Place
Electric Utilities Not Always Supportive of Microgrids
Universities Aid in Much Needed Microgrid R&D
Pennsylvania State University Receives $122 Million for Clean Energy Hub
CERTS Microgrid Test Bed at University of Wisconsin
Drexel University Home to Innovative Microgrid Project
Missouri S&T University Receives $3.45 Million Research Grant from Military
UC San Diego Favors Microgrids
Pareto Energy Partners with Howard University
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Involved in CERTS
National Technical University of Athens Uses MAS Technology
University of Kassel’s Institute for Electrical Energy Technology (IEE)
University of Tokyo
BCIT Campus Microgrid
EU Microgrid Project Aided by Numerous Universities
Countries Join Forces To Share Technologies and Resources
Okinawa and Hawaii Join Forces on Clean Energy Technologies
Japan-U.S. NEDO Joint Project Launched in New Mexico
Showa Shell and Saudi Aramco Plan Microgrid Solar Facilities
Entire Smart Grid Market Exploding
Merrill Lynch Strategist Calls ‘Clean Tech’ the Sixth Revolution
Microgrid Growth Supported by New Energy Storage Technology
Microgrids Not to Replace Central Power Generation: At Least in the Short Term
Decreasing Solar Power Costs Improve Prospects for Microgrids
Providing Seamless Switches between Power Sources Tricky
Cyber Security for Smart Grids Still in Early Stages of Development
Microgrid Growth Will Lead to More Local Decision Making
Microgrid Associated Costs Going Down
Microgrids Help Reduce Some Energy-related Costs
Microgrids Help Strengthen Energy Security
Microgrids Sometimes Incongruent with Land Management Plans
Wal-Mart Goes Micro
Rare Earth Metal Scarcity Does Not Bode Well for Microgrids
New York City Shoots Down Microgrid Proposal
Microgrid Success Stories Ignite Market Interest
Microgrids Ideal for Countries with Developing Electric Infrastructures
Inverter Reliability Improvements Key to Microgrid Growth
Microgrids and Electric Vehicles
Microgrids May Help Guard Against Terrorists’ Attacks
Networking Groups, Research Organizations and Information Hubs
Power Systems Engineering Research Center
Right… OOPS! Smart Grid Interoperability Panel - Cyber Security Working Group
The Galvin Electricity Initiative
NextEnergy’s Microgrid Power Generation Pavilion
NanoMarkets’ SmartGridAnalysis.com
Demand Response and Smart Grid Coalition
Global Intelligent Utility Network Coalition
Workshops, Conferences and Other Events Inspire Microgrid Innovations
Solar Decathlons Open to the Public
CAPS Hosts Event for Advanced Power Systems
GovEnergy Training Workshop and Tradeshow
Smart Grids Summit 2011
Grid ComForum 2010
Asia-Pacific Clean Energy Summit
The Networked Grid 2010
GridWeek 2010 Conference
U.S. Energy Association Holds Microgrid Workshop
Energy Independence and Global Warming Committee Has Microgrid Interests
EMerge Alliance Focuses on Microgrid Platform
Chapter 5: Technological Innovations and Schemes
Lockheed Martin to Create ‘HI Power’ Microgrid
Homer Energy’s Homer v2.75
Toshiba’s Lithium-ion Battery
Paladin® SmartGrid™ Software Platform
Portable Miniature Solar/Battery Microgrid Modules
Renewable Energy Powered EMP-protected Microgrids
Naturalwatt MicroGrid Power Station
Lockheed Martin’s Smart Energy Enterprise Suite
EDSA’s EPAG Data Integration Platform
Petra Solar’s New SunWave Smart Energy Module
Ideal Power Converter Develops Compact Efficient Converters
Pennsylvania Incorporates Microgrid into Subway System
ET’s Hybrid Micro Grid Power
Pure Power’s Military-grade Mobile Solar Microgrid™
Viridity Energy’s VPower™ Optimization Software
SkyBuilt Power’s SkyStation Suitable for Microgrids
Nano Battery Storage Technologies
Phasor Measurement Unit Installations
Canadian REV Building Ancillary Power Vehicles for Microgrid Program
Vehicle to Grid Technology
NexTek Technology Simplifies AC/DC Conversion Process
Chapter 6: Microgrids Around the Globe
World Population
Table 6-1: Projected World Population and Percent Change From Prior Year, 2010-2030
Figure 6-1: Ten Most Populated Countries, Percentage Share, 2010
Figure 6-2: Ten Most Populated Countries, by Percentage Share, 2030
China and U.S. Together Consume 40% of the World’s Energy
Figure 6-3: Energy Consumption: United States, China and India, 1990-2035 (Percentage of World Total)
Electricity Consumption Worldwide
Figure 6-4: World Electricity Consumption, in Billion KW Hours, 2000-2008
Figure 6-5: Ten Largest Consumers of Electricity, 2008
Figure 6-6: Ten Largest Consumers of Electricity, Per Capita, 2006-2007
Electricity in Developed and Developing Countries
IEA Electrifies World with Aid of Microgrids
North America
Electricity Infrastructure Overview
Figure 6-7: North America: Electricity Consumption and Generation, 2005-2008 (In Billion KW Hours)
Regional Factors in Market Size and Growth
Selected North American Microgrid Ventures
South America and Central America
Electricity Infrastructure Overview
Figure 6-8: Central and South America: Electricity Consumption and Generation, 2005-2008 (In Billion KW Hours)
Regional Factors in Market Size and Growth
Selected Latin American Microgrid Ventures
Europe
Electricity Infrastructure Overview
Figure 6-9: Europe: Electricity Consumption and Generation, 2005-2008 (In Billion KW Hours)
Regional Factors in Market Size and Growth
Selected European Microgrid Ventures
Africa
Electricity Infrastructure Overview
Figure 6-10: Africa: Electricity Consumption and Generation, 2005-2008 (In Billion KW Hours)
Regional Factors in Market Size and Growth
Selected Microgrid Ventures
Asia
Electricity Infrastructure Overview
Figure 6-11: Asia: Electricity Consumption and Production, 2005-2008 (In Billion KW Hours)
Regional Factors in Market Size and Growth
Table 6-2: Thailand’s Renewable Energy Production Goals from 2009-2022
Selected Microgrid Ventures
Middle East
Electricity Infrastructure Overview
Figure 6-12: Middle East: Electricity Consumption and Generation, 2005-2008 (In Billion KW Hours)
Regional Factors in Market Size and Growth
Selected Microgrid Ventures
Australia and Oceania
Electricity Infrastructure Overview
Figure 6-13: Australia and Oceania: Electricity Consumption and Generation, 2005-2008 (In Billion KW Hours)
Regional Factors in Market Size and Growth
Selected Microgrid Ventures

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