World Smart Grid, 2nd Edition

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Published Apr 1, 2012 | 206 Pages | Pub ID: SB3805145

This research report presents an in-depth analysis of the development, applications, products, manufacturers, and trends in the worldwide development of the Smart Grid. After over one hundred years of electric power, it has become apparent that a new type of power grid is needed to serve societal needs in the 21st Century. Over time, a relatively primitive but reliable power grid has morphed into an exceedingly complex machine that can no longer be controlled through human actions alone and one which has become brittle and subject to catastrophic failure – such as the blackout in the northeastern United States and Canada in 2003. Simply put, today’s power grid is having difficulty meeting the high quality, stable, and reliable power requirements of an increasingly sophisticated, technology-oriented world. The power grid is also in need of significant maintenance and repair, with estimates ranging as high as $1 trillion over the next 20 years for the United States alone. However, “smart/intelligent” technologies now exist that can significantly improve grid performance. With these technologies a “smarter” grid will be able provide improved service reliability and more stable electric rates at a lower cost than simply building more infrastructure to meet increased demand.

The report provides a comprehensive analysis of the current market for smart grid enabling technologies and projects future market size through 2031. Marketing concerns including energy demand, environmental impacts, economic conditions, consumer acceptance, stakeholder concerns, and government activities are discussed in terms of their impact on market growth for the Smart Grid and its enabling technologies. The report also profiles selected companies that manufacture and market technologies that enable the Smart Grid and the strategies they have adopted to maximize growth and profitability.

Smart Grid development is moving into a “normal” period of growth following substantial activity as the results of government stimulus funding. As this funding runs its course, utilities and other stakeholders are having a harder time will new development efforts as a result of economic conditions, regulatory uncertainty, consumer acceptance, and other factors that constrain their ability to fund many Smart Grid projects. These and other considerations are addressed in the report as they pertain to inhibiting or advancing development of the Smart Grid.

Scope and Methodology
The information in the report is based on primary and secondary research from the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. Energy Information Administration, various other agencies of the United States Government, energy-related associations in the United States, Europe, Australia, and other countries, the International Energy Agency, the United Nations, the World Bank, trade associations, business journals, company literature and websites, and interviews with experts in Smart Grid development including energy transmission and distribution, energy generation and storage, and microgrid development. Statistical data are included for industry revenue, both globally and for the United States. The market size for Smart Grid technologies is projected from 2011 to 2031.
Demand in each of the following technology applications is analyzed in terms of both regional and overall markets for Smart Grid development:

  • Two-Way Communications
  • Smart Meters
  • Smart Sensors and Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs)
  • Information Technology and Analytics
  • Transmission, Distribution, and Substation Automation
  • Potential Smart Grid applications, development trends, environmental issues, and energy considerations are also reviewed and analyzed. Market size estimates and forecasts are based on government and primary and secondary sources, and the impact of various other factors including government grants and incentives, environmental concerns, fuel and energy prices, economic conditions, and consumer awareness and acceptance.

How You Will Benefit from this Report
If your company is involved with electric service, energy efficiency, two-way communications, information technology, home automation, or smart appliances – or if you are starting “green” energy initiatives, constructing “green” buildings, enhancing building efficiency, or simply want to determine the many opportunities that exist with development of the Smart Grid – you will find this report invaluable, as it provides a comprehensive package of information and insight about smart grid enabling technologies that are not offered in any other single source. You will gain a thorough understanding of the current Smart Grid applications, markets, and trends as well as projected market size through 2031.

This report will help:

  • Marketing Managers identify market opportunities and develop targeted promotion plans for smart grid products and services.
  • Research and Development Professionals stay on top of competitor initiatives, product applications, and demand for smart grid enabling technologies.
  • Advertising Agencies working with clients in the energy efficiency, energy service, information technology, communications, and consumer appliance and electronics markets develop compelling messages and images to promote sales of smart grid products and services.
  • Business Development Executives understand the dynamics of deployment of the Smart Grid, identify potential partnerships, and detect new product applications.
  • Information and Research Center Librarians provide market researchers, brand and product managers, and other colleagues with the vital information they need to do their jobs more effectively.

Chapter 1     Executive Summary


Research Methodology

The Smart Grid Defined

Figure 1-1 Smart Grid Components Schematics

Table 1-1 Smart Grid Components - Products

The Need for a Smarter Grid

Population Growth and Electricity Demand

Figure 1-2 Global Installed Electric Generating Capacity, 2005-2011 (Gigawatts)

Electricity Generating Sources

Figure 1-3 Electric Generation Energy Sources

Figure 1-4 World Solar and Wind Energy Generating Capacity,
2005-2011 (GW)

Aging Power Infrastructure and Cost

Figure 1-5 Average Electric Rates, United States, 1999-2010
(Cents per Kilowatt hour)

Smart Grid Benefits

Smart Grid Growth

Smart Meter Growth

Figure 1-6 Global Smart Meter Installations, 2012-2021 (Millions per year)

Figure 1-7 Global Smart Meter Market, 2011-2021 ($Billions)

Smart Grid Market

Table 1-2 Smart Grid Market Size by Component Cumulative Spend, 2011-2021 ($Billions)

Figure 1-8 Global Smart Grid Market, 2011-2021 ($ billions)


Microgrid Market Growth

Figure 1-9 Global Microgrid Market by Sector, 2011-2021 ($Billions)

Microgrid Smart Technology Growth

Figure 1-10 Global Microgrid Market by Sector, 2011-2021 ($Billions)

Factors Enhancing and Inhibiting the Smart Grid Market

Growth Drivers

Growth Inhibitors



Chapter 2     Market Definition


The Case for a More Effective Power Grid

Population Growth

Figure 2-1 World Population, A. D. 0 – A. D. 2011  (billions)

Electricity Demand

Table 2-1 Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Countries

Figure 2-2 Electricity Growth Rates, United States, 1950-2030

Figure 2-2 Global Installed Electric Generating Capacity, 2005-2011  (Gigawatts)

Peak Oil

Figure 2-4 Price per Barrel of Oil, 1968-2011  ($ US)

Figure 2-5 Average Daily World Oil Production, 1900-2011 
(Millions of Barrels)

Figure 2-6 Electric Generation Energy Sources

Figure 2-7 Projected Global Installed Electric Generating Capacity, 2011-2031  (Gigawatts)

Figure 2-8 Projected Non-OECD Installed Electric Generating Capacity, 2011-2031  (Gigawatts)

Figure 2-9 Projected OECD Installed Electric Generating Capacity, 2011-2031  (Gigawatts)

Price of Electricity

Figure 2-10 Average Electric Rates, United States, 1999-2010 
(Cents per Kilowatt hour)

Figure 2-11 Average Power Plant Operations and Maintenance Costs, United States,1999-2010 (Mills per Kilowatt/hour)

Figure 2-12 Number of Power Plants by Type, United States,

Figure 2-13 Projected Installed Wind Power Capacity, Global, 2011-2031  (Gigawatts)

Figure 2-14 Projected Installed Solar Power Capacity, Global, 2011-2031  (Gigawatts)

Aging Power Infrastructure

Figure 2-15 Electricity distribution Losses, Selected Countries,
2005-2009  (Billion Kilowatt hours)

The Case for a Smart Power Grid

The Smart Grid

Smart Grid Precepts

Smart Grid Benefits

A New Grid Paradigm

The Electric Power Grid

Figure 2-16

Electric Waste

Table 2-2 Fuel Sources for Steam Turbines and Efficiency

Table 2-3 Fuel Sources for Non-Steam Electric Generation

High Voltage DC (HVDC) Transmission

Peaking Power Plants

Interconnected Power Grids

Figure 2-17 North American Interconnected Systems

Electric Utilities

Figure 2-18 Types of Electric Utilities, United StatesNumber, Capacity, and Customers Served

Electricity Consumers

Smart Grid Challenges

Procedural Challenges

Technical Challenges

Regulatory Challenges

Work Force Challenges



Chapter 3     Market Size


Smart Grid Market Components

Table 3-1 Smart Grid Components - Technologies

Table 3-2 Smart Grid Components - Products

Global Smart Grid Market

Smart Grid Market 2007-2010

Table 3-3 Smart Grid Market, 2007-2010 ($ billions)

Smart Grid Market 2011-2021

Figure 3-1 Global Smart Grid Market, 2011-2021 ($ billions)

Regional Smart Grid Markets

Figure 3-2 Smart Grid Market – Top Countries and the Rest of the World, 2011-2021 ($ billions)

Figure 3-3 Smart Grid Market – Regions of the World, 2011-2021 ($ billions)

Smart Grid Markets by Region

North America

Figure 3-4 Smart Grid Market – North America, 2011-2021 ($ billions)

United States



Figure 3-5 Smart Grid Market – Europe, 2011-2021 ($ billions)




United Kingdom



Figure 3-6 Smart Grid Market – Asia-Pacific, 2011-2021 ($ billions)



South Korea



Central-South America

Figure 3-7 Smart Grid Market – Central-South America, 2011-2021
($ billions)


Middle East - Africa

Figure 3-8 Smart Grid Market – Middle East-Africa, 2011-2021
($ billions)

Smart Grid Component Market

Figure 3-9 Global Annual Smart Grid Investments by Transmission and Distribution Components 2011-2021 ($ billions)

Smart Meters

Figure 3-10 Cumulative Smart Meter Installations – Europe, 2011-2021 (millions)

Figure 3-11 Cumulative Smart Meter Installations – Brazil, 2011-2021 (millions)

Figure 3-12 Global Cumulative Smart Meter Installations, 2011-2021 (millions)

Figure 3-13 Cumulative Smart Meter Market, 2011-2021 ($ billions)

Distribution Automation

Figure 3-14 Distribution Automation and Substation Automation Market Size, 2011-2021 ($ billions)

Transmission Systems and SubstationsCommunications

Figure 3-14 Communications Market Size, 2011-2021 ($ billions)

Home Area Networks (HAN)

Information Technology

Figure 3-15 Information Technology Market Size, 2011-2021
($ billions)


Figure 3-16 Information Technology Market Size, 2011-2021
($ billions)

Consulting and Systems Integration

Smart Grid Component Market by Region

Table 3-4 Smart Grid Component Market by Region, 2011-2021
($ billions)

Table 3-5 Smart Grid Component Market by Country, 2011-2021
($ billions)


Microgrid Market

Figure 3-17 Microgrid Smart Component Market, 2011-2021
($ billions)

Market Growth Drivers and Inhibitors

Growth Drivers

Ageing Infrastructure

Modern Infrastructure

Policies and Regulations

Stimulus Funding


Common Standards


Service Life

Consumer Resistance

Rural Development




Chapter 4     Emerging Developments


Smart Grid Pilot Projects

United States

Fort Collins, Colorado

Snohomish County, Washington

PJM Interconnection, LLC


Clyde Gateway - United Kingdom

EcoGrid EU - Denmark

Smartcity Malaga - Spain


Battery Storage

Tianjin Eco-city

Other Projects

West Bengal – India


South Africa

Smart Buildings


Microgrid Characteristics

Distributed Electric Resources (DER)

Combined Heat and Power (CHP)

Figure 4-2 Comparison of CHP and Conventional Generating

Autonomous Operations

Types of Microgrids

Table 4-1 Microgrid Characteristics

Smart Microgrids

Figure 4-3 Two Approaches to Smart Grid Development

Microgrid Benefits



Increased Reliability and Security

Environmental Concerns

Economic Growth and Innovation


No T&D Requirements

Beneficial for Utilities

Direct Current (DC) Microgrids

Microgrid Applications

Commercial and Industrial (C&I) Facilities




Figure 4-4 Military Microgrid

Off-grid (remote) Areas

Figure 4-5 Kythnos Island Microgrid

The CERTS Microgrid Concept

Figure 4-6 CERTS Microgrid Test Bed Facility

Microgrid Market Size and Growth

Figure 4-7 Global Microgrid Market, 2011-2021  ($ billions)

Microgrid “Smart” Component Growth

Figure 4-8 Global Microgrid Smart Component Market, by Region,

.... 2011-2021  ($ millions)

Figure 4-9 Global Microgrid Smart Component Market, by Application, 2011-2021  ($ millions)

Factors Enhancing and Inhibiting the Microgrid Market

Growth Drivers

Growth Inhibitors


Chapter 5     Competitive Profiles


Nest Labs, Inc


Company Performance

Table 5-1 Nest Company Information

Product Portfolio

Table 5-2 Nest Product Portfolio

Significant Developments

EnerNOC, Inc


Company Performance

Table 5-3 EnerNOC Company Information

Product Portfolio

Table 5-4 EnerNOC Product Portfolio

Significant Developments

Opower, Inc


Company Performance

Table 5-5 Opower Company Information

Product Portfolio

Table 5-6 Opower Product Portfolio

Significant Developments

Pareto Energy Ltd.


Company Performance

Table 5-7 Pareto Energy Company Information

Product Portfolio

Table 5-8 Pareto Energy Product Portfolio

Significant Developments

NexTek Power Systems, Inc


Mergers and Acquisitions

Company Performance

Table 5-9 Nextek Company Information

Product Portfolio

Table 5-10 NexTek Product Portfolio

Sales Distribution

Significant Events

Tendril Networks, Inc.


Company Performance

Table 5-11 Tendril Networks Company Information

Product Portfolio

Table 5-12 Tendril Networks Product Portfolio

Significant Developments

Power Analytics Corporation


Company Performance

Table 5-13 Power Analytics

Company Information

Product Portfolio

Table 5-14 Power Analytics Product Portfolio

Significant Developments

CAS Tecnologia


Company Performance

Table 5-15 CAS Tecnologia Company Information

Product Portfolio

Table 5-16 CAS Tecnologia Product Portfolio

Significant Events

GridGlo LLC


Company Performance

Table 5-17 GridGlo Company Information

Product Portfolio

Table 5-18 GridGlo Product Portfolio

Significant Events

EcoFactor, Inc


Company Performance

Table 5-19 EcoFactor Company Information

Product Portfolio

Table 5-20 EcoFactor Product Portfolio

Significant Events




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