Smart Grid Micro Grid Energy T&D and Storage

 
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Published Jan 1, 2010 | 189 Pages | Pub ID: SB1926641

This research report about selected Smart Grid components presents an in-depth analysis of the development, applications, products, manufacturers, and trends in the development of transmission and distribution (T&D) system automation, energy storage, and microgrids in the United States and around the world. T&D system automation is vital to smart grid development, is badly in need of repair, and has not been designed for the power needs of high technology systems. Battery storage systems can improve power quality and reliability and improve the effectiveness of intermittent renewable energy sources but are not yet cost effective in most instances. Microgrids could serve the specific needs of localized electric loads and become proxies for smart grid development but lack a common set of standards that could drive their growth. The report provides a comprehensive assessment of all three of these areas, cost and regulatory concerns that have limited their growth, the potential opportunities for new applications (particularly for integrating intermittent renewable energy sources into the grid), and an assessment of developing technologies that make the grid “smart”. Projected growth through 2014 for these areas is provided including discussion of energy demand, environmental impacts, economic conditions, consumer acceptance, stakeholder concerns, and government activities as they affect growth rates. The report also profiles manufacturers and marketers of technologies in these areas and the strategies they have adopted to maximize growth and profitability.

Scope and Methodology

This report includes both primary and secondary research. Secondary research data have been obtained from government sources, trade association publications, business journals, and company literature. Statistical data are included for industry revenue, both globally and for the United States. The market size for (T&D) system automation, energy storage, and microgrid technologies is projected from 2009 to 2014.

Potential applications, buying trends, environmental issues, and energy considerations are also reviewed and analyzed. Market size estimates and forecasts are based on government and secondary sources, and the impact of factors such as government grants and incentives, environmental concerns, fuel and energy prices, economic considerations, and demand for renewable energy sources.

How You Will Benefit from this Report

If your company is involved in renewable energy, electric service, business consulting and integration of electric resources, energy planning, off-grid electric applications, general construction, or simply want to determine the myriad opportunities that exist with development of hydropower you will find this report invaluable, as it provides a comprehensive package of information and insight about conventional and ocean hydro technologies that are not offered in any other single source. You will gain a thorough understanding of (T&D) system automation, energy storage, and microgrid applications and markets, as well as projected market sizes and trends through 2014.

This report will help:

  • Marketing Managers identify market opportunities and develop targeted promotion plans for (T&D) automation, energy storage, and microgrid products and services.
  • Research and Development Professionals stay on top of competitor initiatives, product applications, and demand for (T&D) automation, energy storage, and microgrid technologies.
  • Advertising Agencies working with clients in energy efficiency, energy service, and energy planning develop compelling messages and images to promote development of (T&D) automation, energy storage, and microgrid projects.
  • Business Development Executives understand the dynamics of developing T&D) automation, energy storage, and microgrid projects, identify potential partnerships, and detect new product applications.
  • Information and Research Center Librarians provide market researchers, brand and product managers, and other colleagues with the vital information they need to do their jobs more effectively.
Chapter 1: Executive summary
Scope
Figure 1-1: Smart Grid Components Schematic
Research Methodology
Transmission and Distribution Automation
T&D System Components
T&D Automation Market Size and Growth
Figure 1-2: T&D Automation Market Size and Growth, 2009-2014 (in billion $)
Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs)
T&D Growth Factors
Energy Storage
Energy Storage Applications
Energy Storage Technologies
Battery Storage Market Size and Growth
Figure 1-3: Battery Storage Market Size and Growth, 2009-2014 (in billion $)
Factors Driving Battery Storage Growth
Factors Hindering Battery Storage Growth
Microgrids
Microgrid Benefits and Capabilities
Smart Microgrids
Microgrid Applications
Microgrid Trends
Microgrid Components
Figure 1-4: CERTS Microgrid Schematic
Combined Heat and Power (CHP)
Figure 1-5: Microgrid Market Size and Growth, 2009-2014 ($ billions)
Microgrid Growth Drivers
Regulatory and Other Constraints on Microgrid Growth
Summary

Chapter 2: Transmission & Distribution Automation
Scope
The Transmission and Distribution System
Figure 2-1: Schematic of the Electric System
The Transmission System
Transmission Reliability
Figure 2-2: Electric Reliability Metrics, United States, 2000-2005
Line Loss
Transmission System Components
The Distribution System
The Need for Smart Technologies at the Distribution Level
Distribution System Components
Market Size and Growth
Monitoring and Control Systems
Figure 2-3: T&D Monitoring and Control System Growth, 2009-2014 (in billion $)
Distribution Automation
Figure 2-4: Distribution Automation Growth, 2009-2014 (in billion $)
Protective Relays
Figure 2-5: Protective Relay Growth, 2009-2014 (in billion $)
Substation Automation
Figure 2-6: Substation Automation, 2009-2014 (in billion $)
Smart Meters
Figure 2-7: Smart Metering Hardware and Software Market Size, 2009-2014 (in billion $)
Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs)
Figure 2-8: Sinusoidal Waveform and Phasor Representation Diagram
Figure 2-9: Phasor Measurement Unit Installations on the North American Grid
Table 2-1: Global Phasor Measurement Applications
Figure 2-10: Phasor Measurement Unit Market Size, 2009-2014 ($ millions)
Market Growth Enhancers and Inhibitors
Market Growth Enhancers
Market Growth Inhibitors
Summary

Chapter 3: Energy Storage
Scope
The Need for Energy Storage
Figure 3-1: Energy Storage Schematic
Energy Storage Applications
Power Improvement
Figure 3-2: Grid Frequency Regulation Example
Table 3-1: Energy Storage for Electric Generation Applications
Infrastructure Cost Reduction
Table 3-2: Energy Storage for Transmission and Distribution Applications
Energy Cost Reduction
Other Energy Storage Applications
Table 3-3: Energy Storage for End User Applications
Energy Storage Technologies
Battery Storage
Lead-Acid Batteries
Figure 3-3: Battery Module Diagram
Flow Batteries
Figure 3-4: Flow Battery Diagram
Advanced batteries
Fuel Cells
Figure 3-5: Phosphoric-Acid Fuel Cell Diagram
Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES)
Supercapacitors
Figure 3-6: Supercapacitor Diagram
Flywheels
Figure 3-7: Flywheel Diagram
Table 3-4: Energy Storage Technologies, Advantages and Disadvantages
Pumped Hydro
Figure 3-8: Pumped Storage Hydropower System
Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES)
Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)
Market Size and Growth
Figure 3-9: Energy Storage Technology Cost Comparison, 2008 ($ per KW)
Table 3-5: Battery Storage Technology Cost Comparison
Figure 3-10: Global Energy Storage Market Growth by Type of System, 2009-2014 ($ billions)
Figure 3-11: Battery Storage Market Growth, 2009-2014 ($ billions)
Growth Enhancers and Inhibitors
Growth Enhancers
Growth Inhibitors
Current Application Examples
Summary

Chapter 4: Microgrids
Scope
Microgrids
Table 4-1: Microgrid Characteristics
Microgrid Definitions
Microgrid Benefits and Capabilities
Distributed Electric (DE) Generation
Autonomous Operations
Technology Innovators
Environmental Benefits
Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT 2005)
Direct Current (DC) Microgrids
Smart Microgrids
Figure 4-1: Two Approaches to Smart Grid Development
Microgrid Development
Smart Grid Killer App
Microgrid Applications
Operational Microgrids
Commercial and Industrial Microgrids
Figure 4-2: Mad River Park Microgrid
Military Microgrids
Community Microgrids
Institutional Microgrids
Off-Grid Microgrids
Figure 4-3: Kythnos Island Microgrid
The CERTS Microgrid Concept
Figure 4-4: CERTS Microgrid Test Bed Facility
Microgrid Market Size and Growth
Microgrid Trends
Combined Heat and Power (CHP)
Figure 4-5: Comparison of CHP and Conventional Generating Systems
Figure 4-6: Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Market Size and Growth, 2009-2014 ($ billions)
Figure 4-7: Microgrid Market Size and Growth, 2009-2014 ($ billions)
Factors Enhancing and Inhibiting Market Growth
Growth Drivers
Regulatory Constraints
Other Growth Inhibitors
Microgrid Benefits
Summary

Chapter 5: Competitive Profiles
Scope
ABB Ltd (The ABB Group)
Overview
Mergers and Acquisitions
Company Performance
Table 5-1: ABB Group Company Information
Product Portfolio
Table 5-2: ABB Product Portfolio
Significant Developments
Beacon Power Corporation
Overview
Performance
Table 5-3: Beacon Power Company Information
Product Portfolio
Table 5-4: Beacon Power Product Portfolio
Significant Events
CURRENT Group, LLC
Overview
Mergers and Acquisitions
Company Performance
Table 5-5: CURRENT Group Company Information
Product Portfolio
Table 5-6: CURRENT Group Product Portfolio
Significant Developments
East Penn Manufacturing Company, Inc.
Overview
Performance
Table 5-7: East Penn Company Information
Product Portfolio
Table 5-8: East Penn Product Portfolio
Sales Distribution
Significant Events
ERLPhase Power Technologies Ltd
Overview
Performance
Table 5-9: ERLPhase Company Information
Product Portfolio
Table 5-10: ERLPhase Product Portfolio
Sales Distribution
Significant Events
General Electric Co
Overview
Mergers and Acquisitions
Company Performance
Table 5-11: GE Energy / GE Consumer & Industrial Company Information
Product Portfolio
Table 5-12: GE Energy Product Portfolio
Significant Developments
NexTek Power Systems, Inc
Overview
Mergers and Acquisitions
Performance
Table 5-13: NexTek Company Information
Product Portfolio
Table 5-14: NexTek Product Portfolio
Sales Distribution
Significant Events
Premium Power Corporation
Overview
Performance
Table 5-15: Premium Power Company Information
Product Portfolio
Table 5-16: Premium Power Product Portfolio
Significant Events
Qualitrol Company LLC
Overview
Mergers and Acquisitions
Performance
Table 5-17: Qualitrol Company Information
Product Portfolio
Table 5-18: Qualitrol Product Portfolio
Sales Distribution
Tecogen, Inc
Overview
Subsidiaries and Partnerships
Performance
Table 5-19: Tecogen Company Information
Product Portfolio
Table 5-20: Tecogen Product Portfolio
Sales Distribution
Significant Developments

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